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Key structural parameters affecting earthquake ground motion in 2D and 3D sedimentary structures

Abstract : Alluvial valleys generate strong effects on earthquake ground motion (EGM). These effects are rarely accounted for even in site-specific studies because of (a) the cost of the required geophysical surveys to constrain the site model, (b) lack of data for empirical prediction, and (c) poor knowledge of the key controlling parameters. We performed 3D, 2D and 1D simulations for six typical sedimentary valleys of various width and depth, and for a variety of modifications of these 6 ''nominal models'' to investigate sensitivity of EGM characteristics to impedance contrast, attenuation, velocity gradient and geometry. We calculated amplification factors, and 2D/1D and 3D/2D aggravation factors for 10 EGM characteristics, using a representative set of recorded accelerograms to account for input motion variability. The largest values of the amplification and aggravation factors are found for the Arias intensity and cumulative absolute velocity, the lowest for the rootmean-square acceleration. The aggravation factors are largest for the vertical component. For each model, at least one EGM characteristic exhibits a significant 2D/1D aggravation factor, while all EGM characteristics exhibit significant 2D/1D aggravation factor on the vertical component. For all investigated sites, there is always an area in the valley for which 1D estimates are not sufficient. 2D estimates are insufficient at several sites. The key Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01741920
Contributor : Pierre-Yves Bard <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 4:09:18 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:37:32 AM
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Peter Moczo, Jozef Kristek, Pierre-Yves Bard, Svetlana Stripajová, Fabrice Hollender, et al.. Key structural parameters affecting earthquake ground motion in 2D and 3D sedimentary structures. Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, Springer Verlag, 2018, 16, pp.2421-2450. ⟨10.1007/s10518-018-0345-5⟩. ⟨insu-01741920⟩

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