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Architecture of ductile-type passive margins: Geological constraints from the inverted Cretaceous basin of the North-Pyrenean Zone (‘Chaînons Béarnais’, Western Pyrenees)

Abstract : Subcontinental lithospheric mantle rocks are exhumed at the foot of magma-poor distal passive margins as a response to extreme stretching of the continental crust. The North-Pyrenean Zone (NPZ) exposes remnants of such extremely stretched paleo-passive margin that represent field analogues to study the processes of continental crust thinning and mantle exhumation. The NPZ results from the inversion of basins opened between the Iberia and Europa plates during Albo-Cenomanian times. The Chaînons Béarnais belt displays a fold-and-thrust structure involving the Mesozoic sedimentary cover associated with peridotite bodies in tectonic contact with Paleozoic basement lenses of small size. Continental extension developed under hot thermal conditions, as demonstrated by the syn-metamorphic Cretaceous ductile deformation affecting both the crustal basement and the Mesozoic cover. In this study, we present structural and geochemical data providing constraints to reconstruct the evolution of this paleo-margin. Field work confirms that the Mesozoic cover is intimately associated with mantle rocks and thin tectonic lenses of middle crust. Micro-structural studies show that the greenschist facies ductile deformation in the crust produced a mylonitic foliation which is always parallel to the crust/mantle contact. The crust/mantle detachment fault is a major shear zone characterized by anastomosed shear bands. It also shows that the pre-rift cover was detached from its bedrock at the Keuper evaporites level and was welded to mantle rocks during their exhumation at the foot of the margin. We show that: (i) the boudinaged pre-rift sediments have undergone drastic syn-metamorphic thinning with the genesis of a S0/S1 foliation and, (ii) the Paleozoic basement has been ductilely deformed, into thin tectonic lenses that remained welded to the exhumed mantle rocks. The ductile behavior is related to the presence of a thick pre- and syn-rift cover acting as an efficient thermal blanket. This new geological data set highlights important characteristics of ductile-type hyper-extended passive margin. Finally, we stress that studying field analogues represents a major tool to better understand the mechanisms of crustal thinning associated with mantle exhumation and their structural inheritance during tectonic inversion.
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Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, March 15, 2018 - 10:14:19 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 10:55:05 AM


  • HAL Id : insu-01734835, version 1


Benjamin Corre, Yves Lagabrielle, Pierre Labaume, Abdeltif Lahfid, Philippe Boulvais, et al.. Architecture of ductile-type passive margins: Geological constraints from the inverted Cretaceous basin of the North-Pyrenean Zone (‘Chaînons Béarnais’, Western Pyrenees). American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2017, Dec 2017, New Orleans, United States. pp.T33E-0767. ⟨insu-01734835⟩



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