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Poster communications

Impact of mixing chemically heterogeneous groundwaters on the sustainability of an open-loop groundwater heat pump

Abstract : Geothermal systems using shallow aquifers are commonly used for heating and cooling. The sustainability of these systems can be severely impacted by the occurrence of clogging process. The geothermal loop operation (including pumping of groundwater, filtering and heat extraction through exchangers and cooled water injection) can lead to an unexpected biogeochemical reactivity and scaling formation that can ultimately lead to the shutdown of the geothermal doublet. Here, we report the results of investigations carried out on a shallow geothermal doublet (< 40 m depth) affected by rapid clogging processes linked to iron and manganese oxidation. Using a reactive transport model, we determine the parameters controlling clogging. To characterize the biogeochemical processes induced by the operation of the production well, we combined hydrodynamic measurements by flowmeter and in-situ chemical depth profiles. We thus investigated the chemical heterogeneity into the pumping well as a function of the operating conditions (static or dynamic). Hydrochemical data collected at the pumping well showed that groundwater was chemically heterogeneous long the 11 meters well screen. While the aquifer was dominantly oxic, a localized inflow of anoxic water was detected and evaluated to produce about 40% of the total flow . The mixture of chemically heterogeneous water induced by pumping lead to the oxidation of reductive species and thus to the formation of biogenic precipitates responsible for clogging. The impact of pumping waters of different redox potential and chemical characteristics was quantified by numerical modeling using PHREEQC. These results shows that natural chemical heterogeneity can occur at a small scale in heterogeneous aquifers and highlight the importance of their characterization during the production well testing and the geothermal loop operation in order to take preventive measures to avoid clogging.
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Poster communications
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Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, March 14, 2018 - 2:41:35 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 5:17:52 PM


  • HAL Id : insu-01732046, version 1


Luc Burté, Julien Farasin, Mathieu Pédrot, Charlotte Cravotta, Marie-Françoise Gerard, et al.. Impact of mixing chemically heterogeneous groundwaters on the sustainability of an open-loop groundwater heat pump. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2017, Dec 2017, New Orleans, United States. pp.H33E-1732, 2017. ⟨insu-01732046⟩



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