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Chronologie et mutations fonctionnelles dans la poterie-tuilerie médiévale de la Goulande (La Haute-Chapelle, Orne). Avec une nouvelle datation du site de Saint-Georges-de-Rouelley (Manche)

Abstract : The workshop of la Goulande (La Haute-Chapelle, Orne) is located close to a large complex of pits used to extract clay to make earthenware pottery, stoneware's and tiles. Geophysical surveys have identified two magnetic anomalies corresponding to three kilns referenced A, B, and C. The first (A) is a longitudinal pottery kiln, dated by archaeomagnetic analysis to the second half of the 13th century or to the beginning of the 14th century. Its morphology and productions are similar to those of the neighbouring workshop of Saint-Georges-de-Rouelley, for which the re-examination of the archaeomagnetic data collected during the 1980s provides us with a date earlier by half a century (1260-1280 instead of 1325-1350). The two potters workshops (Saint-Georges-de-Rouelley and kiln A at la Goulande) are therefore contemporary. Around 1,50 m to the east, the remains of two other kilns were found. The first (B), a tile kiln, was replaced by a longitudinal pottery kiln (C). In correspondence with the archaeological data, archaeomagnetic results obtained provide different dates for each of the kilns studied. Finally, the production of stoneware most probably substituted the production of tiles up until the last third of the 15th century.
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Bruno Fajal, Yves Gallet, Philippe Lanos, Maxime Le Goff, Philippe Bernouis, et al.. Chronologie et mutations fonctionnelles dans la poterie-tuilerie médiévale de la Goulande (La Haute-Chapelle, Orne). Avec une nouvelle datation du site de Saint-Georges-de-Rouelley (Manche). Archeosciences, revue d'Archéométrie, G.M.P.C.A./Presses universitaires de Rennes, 2017, 41 (2), pp.53-61. ⟨10.4000/archeosciences.4988⟩. ⟨insu-01714211⟩

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