Predicting minimum uncertainties in the inversion of ocean color geophysical parameters based on Cramer-Rao bounds

Abstract : We present an analytical approach based on Cramer-Rao Bounds (CRBs) to investigate the uncertainties in estimated ocean color parameters resulting from the propagation of uncertainties in the bio-optical reflectance modeling through the inversion process. Based on given bio-optical and noise probabilistic models, CRBs can be computed efficiently for any set of ocean color parameters and any sensor configuration, directly providing the minimum estimation variance that can be possibly attained by any unbiased estimator of any targeted parameter. Here, CRBs are explicitly developed using (1) two water reflectance models corresponding to deep and shallow waters, resp., and (2) four probabilistic models describing the environmental noises observed within four Sentinel-2 MSI, HICO, Sentinel-3 OLCI and MODIS images, resp. For both deep and shallow waters, CRBs are shown to be consistent with the experimental estimation variances obtained using two published remote-sensing methods, while not requiring one to perform any inversion. CRBs are also used to investigate to what extent perfect a priori knowledge on one or several geophysical parameters can improve the estimation of remaining unknown parameters. For example, using pre-existing knowledge of bathymetry (e.g., derived from LiDAR) within the inversion is shown to greatly improve the retrieval of bottom cover for shallow waters. Finally, CRBs are shown to provide valuable information on the best estimation performances that may be achieved with the MSI, HICO, OLCI and MODIS configurations for a variety of oceanic, coastal and inland waters. CRBs are thus demonstrated to be an informative and efficient tool to characterize minimum uncertainties in inverted ocean color geophysical parameters.
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Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2018, 26 (2), pp.A1-A18. 〈10.1364/OE.26.0000A1〉
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Sylvain Jay, Mireille Guillaume, Malik Chami, Audrey Minghelli, Yannick Deville, et al.. Predicting minimum uncertainties in the inversion of ocean color geophysical parameters based on Cramer-Rao bounds. Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2018, 26 (2), pp.A1-A18. 〈10.1364/OE.26.0000A1〉. 〈insu-01671185〉

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