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Morphotectonic analysis and 10 Be dating of the Kyngarga river terraces (southwestern flank of the Baikal rift system, South Siberia)

Abstract : The formation of the Baikal rift system basins is controlled by active faults separating each basin from the adjacent horsts. The kinematics of these faults is mainly explored through investigation of complex sequences of the fault-intersecting river terraces that record both tectonic and climatic events. This study focuses on the northern margin of the major Tunka basin that develops south-west of Lake Baikal. The development of the basin is controlled by the segmented Tunka fault. We performed a detailed mapping of the Kyngarga river terraces, the best preserved terraces staircase in Baikal rift system, at their intersection with the Tunka fault. In order to decipher the chronology of seismic events and the slip rates along that segment of the fault, key terraces were dated using in situ produced cosmogenic 10Be. We demonstrate that the formation of the terrace staircase occurred entirely during MIS1–MIS2. The obtained data allowed us to estimate the rate of incision at different stages of the terrace staircase formation and the relationship between the vertical and horizontal slip rates along this sub-latitudinal segment of the Tunka fault making respectively 0.8 and 1.12 mm yr− 1 over the past ~ 12.5 ka. Analysis of the paleoseismology and paleoclimate data together with terrace dating provided the possibility to estimate the influence of tectonic and climatic factors on the terrace formation. Our proposed model of the Kyngarga river terrace development shows that the incisions into terraces T3 and T6 were induced by the abrupt climatic warming episodes GI-1 and GI-2, respectively, whereas terraces T5, T4 and T2 were abandoned due to the vertical tectonic displacement along the Tunka fault caused by coseismic ruptures.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 30, 2017 - 2:52:22 PM
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A. Arzhannikov, S. Arzhannikov, R. Braucher, Marc Jolivet, G. Aumaître, et al.. Morphotectonic analysis and 10 Be dating of the Kyngarga river terraces (southwestern flank of the Baikal rift system, South Siberia). Geomorphology, Elsevier, 2018, 303, pp.94-105. ⟨10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.11.019⟩. ⟨insu-01652630⟩



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