The 30 cm radio flux as a solar proxy for thermosphere density modelling

Abstract : The 10.7 cm radio flux (F10.7) is widely used as a proxy for solar UV forcing of the upper atmosphere. However, radio emissions at other centimetric wavelengths have been routinely monitored since the 1950 s, thereby offering prospects for building proxies that may be better tailored to space weather needs. Here we advocate the 30 cm flux (F30) as a proxy that is more sensitive than F10.7 to longer wavelengths in the UV and show that it improves the response of the thermospheric density to solar forcing, as modelled with DTM (Drag Temperature Model). In particular, the model bias drops on average by 0–20% when replacing F10.7 by F30; it is also more stable (the standard deviation of the bias is 15–40% smaller) and the density variation at the the solar rotation period is reproduced with a 35–50% smaller error. We compare F30 to other solar proxies and discuss its assets and limitations.
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Thierry Dudok de Wit, Sean Bruinsma. The 30 cm radio flux as a solar proxy for thermosphere density modelling. Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate, EDP sciences, 2017, 7 (A9), 11 p. ⟨10.1051/swsc/2017008⟩. ⟨insu-01622614⟩

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