Dissolution kinetics of hydrated calcium aluminates (AFm-Cl) as a function of pH and at room temperature

Abstract : The determination of reliable weathering/dissolution rates for cement phases is of fundamental importance for the modelling of the temporal evolution of both radioactive waste repositories and CO 2 geological storage sites (e.g. waste matrix, plug in boreholes). Here, the dissolution kinetics of AFm-Cl (hydrated calcium aluminates containing interlayer Cl) has been studied using flow-through experiments conducted at pH values ranging from 9.2 to 13. Mineralogical (XRD) and chemical (EPMA, TEM) analyses have been performed to determine the evolution of the phases during the dissolution experiments. For pH values between 10 and 13, the dissolution of AFm-Cl is congruent (i.e. Ca/Al ratios close to 2 both for solids and outlet concentrations). In contrast, the precipitation of amorphous Al-phases and possibly amorphous mixed Al/Ca phases is observed at pH 9.2, leading to Ca/Al ratios in the outlet solutions higher than those of the initial solid. Therefore, at pH 9.2, even if Cl – /OH – exchange occurs, estimation of dissolution rate from released Cl appears to be the best proxy. Dissolution rates were normalized to the final specific surface areas (ranging from 6.1 to 35.4 m 2 g −1). Dissolution rate appears to be pH-independent and therefore the far-from-equilibrium dissolution rate at room temperature is expressed as: logR(mol m –2 s –1) = –9.23 ± 0.18
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Mineralogical Magazine, Mineralogical Society, 2017, 81 (5), pp.1245-1259. 〈10.1180/minmag.2016.080.161〉
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Nicolas Marty, Sylvain Grangeon, Catherine Lerouge, Fabienne Warmont, Olivier Rozenbaum, et al.. Dissolution kinetics of hydrated calcium aluminates (AFm-Cl) as a function of pH and at room temperature. Mineralogical Magazine, Mineralogical Society, 2017, 81 (5), pp.1245-1259. 〈10.1180/minmag.2016.080.161〉. 〈insu-01618870〉

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