Inversion of well logs into rock types, lithofacies and environmental facies, using pattern recognition, a case study of carbonate Sarvak Formation

Abstract : The “facies” is a frequently used term for describing sedimentary units. In the literature, this term has been used for different purposes, as depositional environment, rock type, lithofacies, etc. In subsurface geology, the core samples are essential for facies studies. While lacking cored intervals, the well logs provide precious subsurface information, but the complexity of well log responses leads most of the time to the complexity of interpretations. In this paper, a method is proposed to study the facies types through well logs. The case study is a carbonate platform system, deposited in the upper Cretaceous, named Sarvak Formation, in one of Iranian onshore oilfields, located in the Abadan Plain. For this purpose, parametric and non-parametric (k-nearest neighbor) classifiers were applied to the dataset. Detailed petrography, assisted by core descriptions, led to 37 microfacies, grouped into three main lithofacies, four carbonate rock types and six environmental facies. Classifiers could not identify the microfacies due to a limited number of observations and high variations. However, the environmental facies were truly classified. In addition, lithofacies classification and Dunham carbonate rock typing were carried out correctly. It is discussed that k-nearest neighbor is clearly the outperformed classifier, and the classical parametric models were inadequate due to the nature of the input well logs (dependency of well logs and may be their distribution), and the overlapping of the input feature space.
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Article dans une revue
Carbonates and Evaporites, Springer, 2017, Accepté. 〈10.1007/s13146-017-0388-8〉
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01612951
Contributeur : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Soumis le : lundi 9 octobre 2017 - 08:53:24
Dernière modification le : mardi 29 mai 2018 - 12:50:56

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Majid Moradi, Behzad Tokhmechi, Pedram Masoudi. Inversion of well logs into rock types, lithofacies and environmental facies, using pattern recognition, a case study of carbonate Sarvak Formation. Carbonates and Evaporites, Springer, 2017, Accepté. 〈10.1007/s13146-017-0388-8〉. 〈insu-01612951〉

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