Y. Balkanski, M. Schulz, T. Claquin, and S. Guibert, Reevaluation of Mineral aerosol radiative forcings suggests a better agreement with satellite and AERONET data, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.7105194, pp.81-95, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00328477

D. R. Bates, Rayleigh scattering by air, Planetary and Space Science, vol.32, issue.6, pp.785-790, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0032-0633(84)90102-8

X. Cao, G. Roy, N. Roy, and R. Bernier, Comparison of the relationships between lidar integrated backscattered light and accumulated depolarization ratios for linear and circular polarization for water droplets, fog oil, and dust, Applied Optics, vol.48, issue.21, pp.4130-4141, 2009.
DOI : 10.1364/AO.48.004130

C. Cattrall, J. Reagan, K. Thome, and O. Dubovik, Variability of aerosol and spectral lidar and backscatter and extinction ratios of key aerosol types derived from selected Aerosol Robotic Network locations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.109, issue.10, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JD900217

D. Chand, T. L. Anderson, R. Wood, R. J. Charlson, Y. Hu et al., Quantifying above-cloud aerosol using spaceborne lidar for improved understanding of cloudysky direct climate forcing, J. Geophys. Res, 2008.

D. Chand, R. Wood, T. L. Anderson, S. K. Satheesh, and R. J. Charlson, Satellite-derived direct radiative effect of aerosols dependent on cloud cover, Nature Geoscience, vol.79, issue.3, pp.181-184, 2009.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-6-5225-2006

L. Costantino and F. Bréon, Aerosol indirect effect on warm clouds over South-East Atlantic, from co-located MODIS and CALIPSO observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.13, issue.1, pp.69-88, 2013.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-13-69-2013

URL : https://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/69/2013/acp-13-69-2013.pdf

J. L. Deuzé, M. Herman, and R. Santer, Fourier series expansion of the transfer equation in the atmosphere-ocean system, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol.41, issue.6, pp.483-4940022, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-4073(89)90118-0

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman et al., Variability of Absorption and Optical Properties of Key Aerosol Types Observed in Worldwide Locations, 059<0590:VOAAOP>2.0.CO, pp.590-6081520, 2002.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0590:VOAAOP>2.0.CO;2

C. Erlick, Effective Refractive Indices of Water and Sulfate Drops Containing Absorbing Inclusions, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.63, issue.2, pp.754-763, 2006.
DOI : 10.1175/JAS3635.1

N. Feng and S. A. Christopher, Measurement-based estimates of direct radiative effects of absorbing aerosols above clouds, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.7, issue.6, pp.6908-6921, 2015.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-7-1777-2014

D. Graaf, M. Bellouin, N. Tilstra, L. G. Haywood, J. Stammes et al., Aerosol direct radiative effect of smoke over clouds over the southeast Atlantic Ocean from 2006 to 2009, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.66, issue.19, pp.7723-7730, 2006.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JAS3026.1

J. Hansen, M. Sato, R. , and R. , Radiative forcing and climate response, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.351, issue.D6, pp.6831-6864, 1997.
DOI : 10.1038/351042a0

O. P. Hasekamp, Capability of multi-viewing-angle photo-polarimetric measurements for the simultaneous retrieval of aerosol and cloud properties, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol.3, issue.4, pp.839-851, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-3-839-2010

J. M. Haywood, S. R. Osborne, A. , and S. J. Roy, The effect of overlying absorbing aerosol layers on remote sensing retrievals of cloud effective radius and cloud optical depth, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.4893, issue.598, pp.779-800, 2004.
DOI : 10.1256/qj.03.100

M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, A. Marchand, B. Roger, and P. Lallart, Aerosol remote sensing from POLDER/ADEOS over the ocean: Improved retrieval using a nonspherical particle model, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.33, issue.D15, pp.1-11, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JD900642

Y. Hu, Depolarization ratio???effective lidar ratio relation: Theoretical basis for space lidar cloud phase discrimination, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.72, issue.80, p.11812, 2007.
DOI : 10.1117/12.466539

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/2007GL029584/pdf

Y. Hu, Z. Liu, D. Winker, M. Vaughan, V. Noel et al., Simple relation between lidar multiple scattering and depolarization for water clouds, Optics Letters, vol.31, issue.12, 1809.
DOI : 10.1364/OL.31.001809

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, K. Powell, and S. Rodier, Retrieving Optical Depths and Lidar Ratios for Transparent Layers Above Opaque Water Clouds From CALIPSO Lidar Measurements, IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol.4, issue.4, pp.523-526, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/LGRS.2007.901085

Y. Hu, M. Vaughan, Z. Liu, B. Lin, P. Yang et al., The depolarization - attenuated backscatter relation: CALIPSO lidar measurements vs. theory, Optics Express, vol.15, issue.9, pp.5327-5332, 2007.
DOI : 10.1364/OE.15.005327

W. H. Hunt, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, P. L. Lucker et al., Lidar Description and Performance Assessment, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.26, issue.7, pp.1214-1228, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JTECHA1223.1

T. F. Stocker, D. Qin, G. Plattner, M. Tignor, S. K. Allen et al., Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, IPCC: Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, p.1535, 2013.

H. Jethva, O. Torres, L. A. Remer, and P. K. Bhartia, A Color Ratio Method for Simultaneous Retrieval of Aerosol and Cloud Optical Thickness of Above-Cloud Absorbing Aerosols From Passive Sensors: Application to MODIS Measurements, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol.51, issue.7, pp.3862-3870, 2013.
DOI : 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2230008

H. Jethva, O. Torres, F. Waquet, D. Chand, and Y. Hu, How do A-train sensors intercompare in the retrieval of above-cloud aerosol optical depth? A case study-based assessment, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.26, issue.11, pp.186-192, 2014.
DOI : 10.1175/2008JTECHA1221.1

B. T. Johnson, K. P. Shine, P. M. Forster, and . Roy, The semi-direct aerosol effect: Impact of absorbing aerosols on marine stratocumulus, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, vol.405, issue.D21, pp.1407-1422, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/35011039

D. Josset, Y. Hu, J. Pelon, P. Zhai, D. Tanré et al., Advances in Research Products From CALIPSO: Optical Depth Direct Retrieval Over Ocean, Water Clouds and Land, 25th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC), pp.1280-1283, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00520164

D. Josset, R. Rogers, J. Pelon, Y. Hu, Z. Liu et al., CALIPSO lidar ratio retrieval over the ocean, CALIPSO lidar ratio retrieval over the ocean, pp.18696-18706, 2011.
DOI : 10.1364/OE.19.018696

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00629089

D. Josset, J. Pelon, Y. Hu, R. Rogers, Z. Liu et al., Global scale lidar ratio retrieval over the ocean, 26th International Laser Radar Conference (ILRC 26), pp.25-29, 2012.
DOI : 10.1364/oe.19.018696

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00722435

Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanré, and O. Boucher, A satellite view of aerosols in the climate system, Nature, vol.102, issue.6903, pp.215-238, 2002.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(2002)059<0383:CSOARO>2.0.CO;2

A. Keil and J. M. Haywood, Solar radiative forcing by biomass burning aerosol particles during SAFARI 2000: A case study based on measured aerosol and cloud properties, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.29, issue.23, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JD900242

L. King, On the Complex Anisotropic Molecule in Relation to the Dispersion and Scattering of Light, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.104, issue.726, pp.333-357, 1923.
DOI : 10.1098/rspa.1923.0113

K. Knobelspiesse, B. Cairns, M. Ottaviani, R. Ferrare, J. Hair et al., Combined retrievals of boreal forest fire aerosol properties with a polarimeter and lidar, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.11, issue.14, pp.7045-7067, 2011.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-11-7045-2011

J. Lenoble, M. Herman, J. L. Deuzé, B. Lafrance, R. Santer et al., A successive order of scattering code for solving the vector equation of transfer in the earth's atmosphere with aerosols, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol.107, issue.3, pp.479-507, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.03.010

K. Meyer, S. Platnick, L. Oreopoulos, L. , and D. , Estimating the direct radiative effect of absorbing aerosols overlying marine boundary layer clouds in the southeast Atlantic using MODIS and CALIOP, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.116, issue.D13, pp.4801-4815, 2013.
DOI : 10.1029/2011JD016216

K. Meyer, S. Platnick, and Z. Zhang, Simultaneously inferring above-cloud absorbing aerosol optical thickness and underlying liquid phase cloud optical and microphysical properties using MODIS, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.7, issue.7, pp.5524-5547, 2015.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-7-1777-2014

URL : http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JD023128/pdf

N. L. Miles, J. Verlinde, E. E. Clothiaux, N. L. Miles, J. Verlinde et al., Cloud Droplet Size Distributions in Low-Level Stratiform Clouds, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.57, issue.2, pp.295-311, 2000.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(2000)057<0295:CDSDIL>2.0.CO;2

O. Connor, E. J. Illingworth, A. J. Hogan, and R. J. , A Technique for Autocalibration of Cloud Lidar, J

L. T. Deaconu, Consistency of aerosols above clouds mos. Ocean. Tech, pp.777-786, 2004.

A. H. Omar, J. Won, D. M. Winker, S. Yoon, O. Dubovik et al., Development of global aerosol models using cluster analysis of Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) measurements, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.35, issue.D18, pp.10-14, 2005.
DOI : 10.1002/9780470316801

A. H. Omar, D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, Y. Hu, C. R. Trepte et al., The CALIPSO Automated Aerosol Classification and Lidar Ratio Selection Algorithm, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.26, issue.10, pp.1994-2014, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JTECHA1231.1

F. Peers, F. Waquet, C. Cornet, P. Dubuisson, F. Ducos et al., Absorption of aerosols above clouds from POLDER/PARASOL measurements and estimation of their direct radiative effect, Atmos . Chem. Phys, vol.155194, issue.10, pp.4179-4196, 2015.

F. Peers, N. Bellouin, F. Waquet, F. Ducos, P. Goloub et al., Comparison of aerosol optical properties above clouds between POLDER and AeroCom models over the South East Atlantic Ocean during the fire season, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.12, issue.4, pp.3991-4000, 2016.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-12-8911-2012

R. G. Pinnick, S. G. Jennings, P. Chýlek, C. Ham, and W. Grandy, Backscatter and extinction in water clouds, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.15, issue.C11, 1983.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0469(1953)010<0204:PPOCC>2.0.CO;2

URL : http://www.dtic.mil/get-tr-doc/pdf?AD=ADA109277

C. M. Platt, Remote Sounding of High Clouds: I. Calculation of Visible and Infrared Optical Properties from Lidar and Radiometer Measurements, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.18, issue.9, pp.1130-1143, 1979.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0450(1979)018<1130:RSOHCI>2.0.CO;2

URL : http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/pdf/10.1175/1520-0450%281979%29018%3C1144%3ARSOHCI%3E2.0.CO%3B2

V. Ramanathan, P. J. Crutzen, J. T. Kiehl, and D. Rosenfeld, Aerosols, Climate, and the Hydrological Cycle, Science, vol.294, issue.5549, pp.2119-2124, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1064034

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.521.1770

J. Riedi, B. Marchant, S. Platnick, B. A. Baum, F. Thieuleux et al., Cloud thermodynamic phase inferred from merged POLDER and MODIS data, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.105194, issue.10, pp.11851-11865, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-7-14103-2007

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00328236

D. Rosenfeld, Suppression of Rain and Snow by Urban and Industrial Air Pollution, Science, vol.287, issue.5459, pp.1793-1796, 2000.
DOI : 10.1126/science.287.5459.1793

K. Sassen, The Polarization Lidar Technique for Cloud Research: A Review and Current Assessment, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.72, issue.12, pp.1848-1866, 1991.
DOI : 10.1175/1520-0477(1991)072<1848:TPLTFC>2.0.CO;2

K. Sassen and J. Zhu, A global survey of CALIPSO linear depolarization ratios in ice clouds: Initial findings, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.34, issue.10, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2009JD012279

D. Tanré, F. M. Bréon, J. L. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos et al., Remote sensing of aerosols by using polarized, directional and spectral measurements within the A-Train: the PARASOL mission, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol.4, issue.7, pp.1383-1395, 1383.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-4-1383-2011

O. Torres, H. Jethva, and P. K. Bhartia, Retrieval of Aerosol Optical Depth above Clouds from OMI Observations: Sensitivity Analysis and Case Studies, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.69, issue.3, pp.1037-1053, 2012.
DOI : 10.1175/JAS-D-11-0130.1

O. Torres, C. Ahn, C. , and Z. , Improvements to the OMI near-UV aerosol algorithm using A-train CALIOP and AIRS observations, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol.6, issue.11, pp.3257-3270, 2013.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-6-3257-2013

S. Twomey, Pollution and the planetary albedo, Atmos. Environ, vol.810, issue.74, pp.1251-12560004, 1016.

M. A. Vaughan, K. A. Powell, D. M. Winker, C. A. Hostetler, R. E. Kuehn et al., Fully Automated Detection of Cloud and Aerosol Layers in the CALIPSO Lidar Measurements, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.26, issue.10, pp.2034-2050, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JTECHA1228.1

F. Waquet, J. Riedi, L. C. Labonnote, P. Goloub, B. Cairns et al., Aerosol Remote Sensing over Clouds Using A-Train Observations, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol.66, issue.8, pp.2468-2480, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JAS3026.1

F. Waquet, F. Peers, F. Ducos, P. Goloub, S. Platnick et al., Global analysis of aerosol properties above clouds, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.52, issue.1-4, pp.5809-5814, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gloplacha.2006.02.014

F. Waquet, C. Cornet, J. Deuzé, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos et al., Retrieval of aerosol microphysical and optical properties above liquid clouds from POLDER/PARASOL polarization measurements, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, vol.6, issue.4, pp.991-1016, 2013.
DOI : 10.5194/amt-6-991-2013

F. Waquet, J. Péré, F. Peers, P. Goloub, F. Ducos et al., Global detection of absorbing aerosols over the ocean in the red and near-infrared spectral region, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.116, issue.D15, pp.10902-10918, 2016.
DOI : 10.1029/2010JD015187

S. G. Warren, C. J. Hahn, J. London, R. M. Chervin, J. et al., Global Distribution of Total Cloud Cover and Cloud Amounts over the Ocear, 1988.

E. M. Wilcox, Stratocumulus cloud thickening beneath layers of absorbing smoke aerosol, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.105194, issue.10, pp.11769-11777, 2010.

D. M. Winker, W. H. Hunt, and M. J. Mcgill, Initial performance assessment of CALIOP, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.5575, issue.19, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2007GL030135

D. M. Winker, M. A. Vaughan, A. Omar, Y. Hu, K. A. Powell et al., Overview of the CALIPSO Mission and CALIOP Data Processing Algorithms, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.26, issue.11, pp.2310-2323, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JTECHA1281.1

D. M. Winker, J. Pelon, J. A. Jr, S. A. Ackerman, R. J. Charlson et al., The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds, The CALIPSO Mission: A Global 3D View of Aerosols and Clouds, pp.1211-1229, 2010.
DOI : 10.1175/2010BAMS3009.1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00525010

M. Xu and R. R. Alfano, Random Walk of Polarized Light in Turbid Media, Physical Review Letters, vol.49, issue.21, 2005.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevB.42.2621

S. A. Young and M. A. Vaughan, The Retrieval of Profiles of Particulate Extinction from Cloud-Aerosol Lidar Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations (CALIPSO) Data: Algorithm Description, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, vol.26, issue.6, pp.1105-1119, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2008JTECHA1221.1

H. Yu, Y. J. Kaufman, M. Chin, G. Feingold, L. A. Remer et al., A review of measurement-based assessments of the aerosol direct radiative effect and forcing, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.6, issue.3, pp.613-666, 2006.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-6-613-2006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00328420

H. Yu, L. A. Remer, M. Chin, H. Bian, R. G. Kleidman et al., A satellite-based assessment of transpacific transport of pollution aerosol, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.109, issue.13, pp.14-26, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JD009349

Y. H. Zhang, M. J. Wooster, O. Tutubalina, P. , and G. L. , Monthly burned area and forest fire carbon emission estimates for the Russian Federation from SPOT VGT, Remote Sensing of Environment, vol.87, issue.1, pp.1-15, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0034-4257(03)00141-X

Z. Zhang, K. Meyer, H. Yu, S. Platnick, P. Colarco et al., Shortwave direct radiative effects of above-cloud aerosols over global oceans derived from 8??years of CALIOP and MODIS observations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.16, issue.5, pp.2877-2900, 2016.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-16-2877-2016-supplement

P. Zuidema, J. Redemann, J. Haywood, R. Wood, S. Piketh et al., Smoke and Clouds above the Southeast Atlantic: Upcoming Field Campaigns Probe Absorbing Aerosol???s Impact on Climate, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, vol.97, issue.7, pp.1131-1135, 2016.
DOI : 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00082.1