The SPIRIT airborne instrument: a three-channel infrared absorption spectrometer with quantum cascade lasers for in situ atmospheric trace-gas measurements

Abstract : An infrared absorption spectrometer called SPIRIT (SPectromètre Infra-Rouge In situ Toute altitude) has been developed for airborne measurements of trace gases in the troposphere. At least three different trace gases can be measured simultaneously every 1.6 s using the coupling of a single Robert multipass optical cell with three Quantum Cascade Lasers (QCLs), easily interchangeable to select species depending on the scientific objectives. Absorptions of the mid-infrared radiations by the species in the cell at reduced pressure (<40 hPa), with path lengths adjustable up to 167.78 m, are quantified using an HgCdTe photodetector cooled by Stirling cycle. The performances of the instrument are assessed: a linearity with a coefficient of determination R2 > 0.979 for the instrument response is found for CO, CH4, and NO2 volume mixing ratios under typical tropospheric conditions. In-flight comparisons with calibrated gas mixtures allow to show no instrumental drift correlated with atmospheric pressure and temperature changes (when vertical profiling) and to estimate the overall uncertainties in the measurements of CO, CH4, and NO2 to be 0.9, 22, and 0.5 ppbv, respectively. In-flight precision (1σ) for these species at 1.6 s sampling is 0.3, 5, and 0.3 ppbv, respectively.
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Applied Physics B - Laser and Optics, Springer Verlag, 2017, 123 (9), 12 p. 〈10.1007/s00340-017-6820-x〉
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Soumis le : lundi 18 septembre 2017 - 15:16:52
Dernière modification le : mercredi 24 octobre 2018 - 16:26:05

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Valéry Catoire, Claude Robert, Michel Chartier, Patrick Jacquet, Christophe Guimbaud, et al.. The SPIRIT airborne instrument: a three-channel infrared absorption spectrometer with quantum cascade lasers for in situ atmospheric trace-gas measurements. Applied Physics B - Laser and Optics, Springer Verlag, 2017, 123 (9), 12 p. 〈10.1007/s00340-017-6820-x〉. 〈insu-01589432〉

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