Supradetachment basin evolution unraveled by detrital apatite fission track analysis: the Gediz Graben (Menderes Massif, Western Turkey)

Abstract : The Menderes Massif is a Tertiary metamorphic core complex tectonically exhumed in the late Oligocene – Miocene during coeval development of a series of E-W trending basins. This study analyzes the source-to-sink evolution of the Gediz Graben and the exhumation pattern of the Central Menderes Massif at the footwall and hanging wall of the Gediz Detachment Fault. We use a comprehensive approach to detrital apatite fission-track dating combining analysis of modern river sediments, analysis of fossil sedimentary successions, and mineral fertility determinations. This approach allowed us to: i) define the modern short-term erosion pattern of the study area, ii) unravel the long-term exhumation history, iii) identify major exhumation events recorded in the sedimentary basin fill and iv) constrain the maximum depositional age of the sedimentary succession. Three main exhumation events are recorded in the analyzed detrital samples: i) a late Oligocene/early Miocene exhumation event involving the whole Menderes Massif; ii) a late Miocene event involving the northern edge of the Central Menderes Massif; iii) a Plio-Quaternary more localized event involving only the western part of the southern margin of the basin (Salihli area) and bringing to the surface the Gediz Detachment and its intrusive footwall (Salihli granodiorite). The modern short-term erosion pattern closely reflects this latter Plio-Quaternary event. Single grain-age distributions in the sedimentary basin fill highlight drainage pattern reorganizations in correspondence of the transition between different stratigraphic units, and allowed to better constrain the depositional age of the sedimentary units of the basin pointing to a possible onset of sedimentation in the basin during the middle Miocene.
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Basin Research, Wiley, 2018, 30 (3), pp.502-521. 〈10.1111/bre.12262〉
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Riccardo Asti, Marco Giovani Malusà, Claudio Faccenna. Supradetachment basin evolution unraveled by detrital apatite fission track analysis: the Gediz Graben (Menderes Massif, Western Turkey). Basin Research, Wiley, 2018, 30 (3), pp.502-521. 〈10.1111/bre.12262〉. 〈insu-01577210〉

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