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Measuring the expansion velocity of the outflows of LS I +61 303 through low-frequency radio observations

B. Marcote * M. Ribó 1 J.M. Paredes 1 C. H. Ishwara-Chandra 2 John D. Swinbank 3 J. W. Broderick 4, 5 S. Markoff 4 Robert Fender 5 R. A. M. J. Wijers 6 G. G. Pooley 7 A.J. Stewart 4 M.E. Bell 8 R.P. Breton 9, 4 D. Carbone 6 Stéphane Corbel 10, 11 J. Eisloffel 12 H. Falcke 13, 14 Jean-Mathias Grießmeier 10, 15 M. Kuniyoshi 16, 17 M. Pietka 18 A Rowlinson 8 M. Serylak 19, 10 A.J. van der Horst 20 J van Leeuwen 6, 14 M.W. Wise 6, 14 P. Zarka 10, 21
Abstract : LS I +61 303 is a gamma-ray binary that exhibits an outburst at GHz frequencies each orbital cycle of 26.5 d and a superorbital modulation with a period of 4.6 yr. We have performed a detailed study of the low-frequency radio emission of LS I +61 303 by analyzing data from the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) at 150, 235 and 610 MHz, and from the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) at 150 MHz. We have detected the source for the first time at 150 MHz, which is also the first detection of a gamma-ray binary at such a low frequency. We have obtained the light-curves of the source at 150, 235 and 610 MHz, all of them showing orbital modulation. The light-curves at 235 and 610 MHz also show the existence of superorbital variability. A comparison with contemporaneous 15-GHz data shows remarkable differences with these light-curves. At 15 GHz we see clear outbursts, whereas at low frequencies we see variability with wide maxima. The light-curve at 235 MHz seems to be anticorrelated with the one at 610 MHz, implying a shift of about 0.5 orbital phases in the maxima. We model the shifts between the maxima at different frequencies as due to changes in the physical parameters of the emitting region assuming either free-free absorption or synchrotron self-absorption, obtaining expansion velocities for this region close to the stellar wind velocity with both mechanisms.
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B. Marcote, M. Ribó, J.M. Paredes, C. H. Ishwara-Chandra, John D. Swinbank, et al.. Measuring the expansion velocity of the outflows of LS I +61 303 through low-frequency radio observations . 6th International Meeting on High Energy Gamma-Ray Astronomy, Jul 2016, Heidelberg, Germany. pp.UNSP 040018, ⟨10.1063/1.4968922⟩. ⟨insu-01576676⟩



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