Cd, Pb, and Zn mobility and (bio)availability in contaminated soils from a former smelting site amended with biochar

Abstract : Biochar is a potential candidate for the remediation of metal(loid)-contaminated soils. However, the mechanisms of contaminant-biochar retention and release depend on the amount of soil contaminants and physicochemical characteristics, as well as the durability of the biochar contaminant complex, which may be related to the pyrolysis process parameters. The objective of the present study was to evaluate, in a former contaminated smelting site, the impact of two doses of wood biochar (2 and 5% w/w) on metal immobilization and/or phytoavailability and their effectiveness in promoting plant growth in mesocosm experiments. Different soil mixtures were investigated. The main physicochemical parameters and the Cd, Pb, and Zn contents were determined in soil and in soil pore water. Additionally, the growth, dry weight, and metal concentrations were analyzed in the different dwarf bean plant (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) organs tested. Results showed that the addition of biochar at two doses (2 and 5%) improved soil conditions by increasing soil pH, electrical conductivity, and water holding capacity. Furthermore, the application of biochar (5%) to metal-contaminated soil reduced Cd, Pb, and Zn mobility and availability, and hence their accumulation in the different P. vulgaris L. organs. In conclusion, the data clearly demonstrated that biochar application can be effectively used for Cd, Pb, and Zn immobilization, thereby reducing their bioavailability and phytotoxicity.
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Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2018, 25, pp.25744-25756. 〈10.1007/s11356-017-9521-4〉
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Soumis le : lundi 21 août 2017 - 14:57:49
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 septembre 2018 - 01:33:27

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Tonia Lomaglio, Nour Hattab-Hambli, Florie Miard, Manhattan Lebrun, Romain Nandillon, et al.. Cd, Pb, and Zn mobility and (bio)availability in contaminated soils from a former smelting site amended with biochar. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2018, 25, pp.25744-25756. 〈10.1007/s11356-017-9521-4〉. 〈insu-01575696〉

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