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Habitability on Early Mars and the Search for Biosignatures with the ExoMars Rover

Jorge L. Vago 1 Frances Westall 2 Andrew J. Coates 3 Ralf Jaumann 4 Oleg Korablev 5 Valérie Ciarletti 6 Igor Mitrofanov 5 Jean-Luc Josset 7 Maria Cristina de Sanctis 8 Jean-Pierre Bibring 9 Fernando Rull 10 Fred Goesmann 11 Harald Steininger 11 Walter Goetz 11 William Brinckerhoff 12 Cyril Szopa 6, 13 François Raulin 14 Howell G.M. Edwards 15 Lyle G. Whyte 16 Alberto G. Fairen 17 John Bridges 18 Ernst Hauber 19 Gian Gabriele Ori 20 Stephanie Werner 21 Damien Loizeau 22 Ruslan O. Kuzmin 23 Rebecca M. E. Williams 24 Jessica Flahaut 25 François Forget 26 Daniel Rodionov 5 Håkan Svedhem 1 Elliot Sefton-Nash 1 Gerhard Kminek 1 Leila Lorenzoni 1 Luc Joudrier 1 Viktor Mikhailov 27 Alexander Zashchirinskiy 28 Sergei Alexashkin 28 Fabio Calantropio 29 Andrea Merlo 29 Pantelis Poulakis 1 Olivier Witasse 1 Olivier Bayle 1 Silvia Bayón 1 Uwe Meierhenrich 30 John Carter 9 Juan Manuel García-Ruiz 15 Pietro Baglioni 1 Albert Haldemann 1 Andrew J. Ball 1 André Debus 31 Robert Lindner 1 Frédéric Haessig 1 David Monteiro 1 Roland Trautner 1 Christoph Voland 1 Pierre Rebeyre 1 Duncan Goulty 1 Frédéric Didot 1 Stephen Durrant 1 Eric Zekri 1 Detlef Koschny 1 Andrea Toni 1 Gianfranco Visentin 1 Martin Zwick 1 Michel van Winnendael 1 Martín Azkarate 1 Christophe Carreau 1
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : The second ExoMars mission will be launched in 2020 to target an ancient location interpreted to have strong potential for past habitability and for preserving physical and chemical biosignatures (as well as abiotic/prebiotic organics). The mission will deliver a lander with instruments for atmospheric and geophysical investigations and a rover tasked with searching for signs of extinct life. The ExoMars rover will be equipped with a drill to collect material from outcrops and at depth down to 2 m. This subsurface sampling capability will provide the best chance yet to gain access to chemical biosignatures. Using the powerful Pasteur payload instruments, the ExoMars science team will conduct a holistic search for traces of life and seek corroborating geological context information
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Jorge L. Vago, Frances Westall, Andrew J. Coates, Ralf Jaumann, Oleg Korablev, et al.. Habitability on Early Mars and the Search for Biosignatures with the ExoMars Rover. Astrobiology, Mary Ann Liebert, 2017, 17 (6-7), pp.471-510. ⟨10.1089/ast.2016.1533⟩. ⟨insu-01575233⟩



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