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Characterization of dust aggregates in the vicinity of the Rosetta spacecraft

Carsten Güttler 1 Pedro H. Hasselmann 2 Y. Li 3 Marco Fulle 4 Cécilia Tubiana 1 Gabor Kovacs 1 Jessica Agarwal 1 Holger Sierks 1 Sonia Fornasier 2 Marc Hofmann 1 Pedro J. Gutiérrez 5 Theresa Ott 6 Esther Drolshagen 7 Ivano Bertini 8 Cesare Barbieri 9 Philippe L. Lamy 10 Rafael Rodrigo 11, 12 Detlef Koschny 13 Hans Rickman 14, 15 Michael F. A'Hearn 16 Maria Antonella Barucci 2 Dennis Bodewits 16 Jean-Loup Bertaux 17 Steve Boudreault 1 Gabriele Cremonese 18 Vania da Deppo 19 B. Davidsson 20 S. Debei 21 M. de Cecco 22 J. Deller 1 B. Geiger 23 O. Groussin 10 J. Gutiérrez 5 S. Hviid 24 W.-H. Ip 25 L. Jorda 10 H. U. Keller 24, 26 J. Knollenberg 24 J. R. Kramm 1 Ekkehard Kührt 24 M. Küppers 23 Luisa M. Lara 5 M. Lazzarin 9 J. J. López-Moreno 5 F. Marzari 9 S. Mottola 24 G. Naletto 19, 8 N. Oklay 24 M. Pajola 27 X. Shi 1 N. Thomas 28, 29 J.-B. Vincent 24 
Abstract : In a Rosetta/OSIRIS imaging activity in 2015 June, we have observed the dynamic motion of particles close to the spacecraft. Due to the focal setting of the OSIRIS wide angle camera, these particles were blurred, which can be used to measure their distances to the spacecraft. We detected 109 dust aggregates over a 130 min long sequence, and find that their sizes are around a millimetre and their distances cluster between 2 and 40 m from the spacecraft. Their number densities are about a factor 10 higher than expected for the overall coma and highly fluctuating. Their velocities are small compared to the spacecraft orbital motion and directed away from the spacecraft, towards the comet. From this we conclude that they have interacted with the spacecraft and assess three possible scenarios. In the likeliest of the three scenarios, centimetre-sized aggregates collide with the spacecraft and we would observe the fragments. Ablation of a dust layer on the spacecraft’s z panel (remote instrument viewing direction) when rotated towards the Sun is a reasonable alternative. We could also measure an acceleration for a subset of 18 aggregates, which is directed away from the Sun and can be explain by a rocket effect, which requires a minimum ice fraction of the order of 0.1 per cent.
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Carsten Güttler, Pedro H. Hasselmann, Y. Li, Marco Fulle, Cécilia Tubiana, et al.. Characterization of dust aggregates in the vicinity of the Rosetta spacecraft. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2017, 469 (Suppl_2), pp.S312 - S320. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stx1692⟩. ⟨insu-01574602⟩



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