Kinetics of the Reactions of NO 3 Radical with Methacrylate Esters 2

Abstract : Two different experimental methods (relative rate and absolute rate methods) were used to measure the rate coefficients for the reactions of NO3 radical with six methacrylate esters: methyl methacrylate (MMA, k1), ethyl methacrylate (EMA, k2), propyl methacrylate (PMA, k3), isopropyl methacrylate (IPMA, k4), butyl methacrylate (BMA, k5), isobutyl methacrylate (IBMA, k6). In the relative rate method, the loss of the esters relative to that of a reference compound was followed in a 7300 L Teflon-walled chamber at (298±2) K and (1000±5) hpa. In the absolute method, the temporal profiles of NO3 and N2O5 were followed using a dual channel cavity ring down spectrometer in the presence of an excess of ester in the 7300 L chamber. The rate coefficients from these two methods (weighted averages) in the units of 10-15 cm3 molecule-1 s-1 at 298 K 30 are: k1 = (2.98±0.35); k2 = (4.67±0.49); k3 = (5.23±0.60); k4 = (7.91±1.00); k5 = (5.71±0.56); and k6 = (6.24±0.66). The quoted uncertainties are at the 2σ level and include estimated systematic errors. Unweighted averages are also reported. In addition, the rate coefficient k7 for the reaction of NO3 radical with deuterated methyl methacrylate (MMA-D8) was measured using the relative rate method to be essentially the same as k1. The trends in the measured rate coefficient with the length and nature of the alkyl group, along with the equivalence of k1 and k7 strongly suggests that the reaction of NO3 with the methacrylate esters proceeds via addition to the double bond on the methacrylate group. The present results are compared with those from previous studies. Using the measured values of the rate coefficients, along with those for reactions of these esters with OH, O3, and chlorine atoms, the atmospheric lifetimes of methacrylate esters are calculated. We suggest that NO3 radicals do contribute to the atmospheric loss of these unsaturated esters, but to a lesser extent than their reactions with OH and O3.
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Li Zhou, A. R. Ravishankara, Steven Brown, Mahmoud Idir, Kyle Zarzana, et al.. Kinetics of the Reactions of NO 3 Radical with Methacrylate Esters 2. Journal of Physical Chemistry A, American Chemical Society, 2017, 121 (23), pp.4464-4474. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpca.7b02332⟩. ⟨insu-01527239⟩

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