A LOFAR detection of the low mass young star T Tau at 149 MHz

Abstract : Radio observations of young stellar objects (YSOs) enable the study of ionised plasma outflows from young protostars via their free–free radiation. Previous studies of the low-mass young system T Tau have used radio observations to model the spectrum and estimate important physical properties of the associated ionised plasma (local electron density, ionised gas content and emission measure). However, without an indication of the low-frequency turnover in the free–free spectrum, these properties remain difficult to constrain. This paper presents the detection of T Tau at 149 MHz with the Low Frequency Array (LOFAR)-the first time a YSO has been observed at such low frequencies. The recovered total flux indicates that the free–free spectrum may be turning over near 149 MHz. The spectral energy distribution is fitted and yields improved constraints on local electron density ((7.2 ± 2.1) × 10 3 cm −3), ionised gas mass ((1.0 ± 1.8) × 10 −6 M ⊙) and emission measure ((1.67 ± 0.14) × 10 5 pc cm −6).
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Colm P. Coughlan, Rachael E. Ainsworth, Jochen Eislöffel, Matthias Hoeft, Alexander Drabent, et al.. A LOFAR detection of the low mass young star T Tau at 149 MHz. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2017, 834 (2), 206 (10 p.). ⟨10.3847/1538-4357/834/2/206⟩. ⟨insu-01526723⟩

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