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Unusual LREE-rich, peraluminous, monazite- or allanite-bearing pegmatitic granite in the central Grenville Province, Québec

Abstract : This contribution presents an original study combining detailed mapping, petrography, whole-rock geochemistry and geochronological constraints on the recently identified LREE (Light Rare Earth Elements) occurrences associated with pegmatitic granite dykes (PGD) from the central Grenville (Lac Okaopéo region). These PGD intrude paragneisses or meta-igneous complexes with a REE mineralization hosted either in monazite-(Ce) or in allanite-(Ce) respectively. The investigated samples display peraluminous signatures and are dominated by a quartz+K-feldspar+plagioclase+biotite+monazite/allanite assemblage. Field relationships and the magmatic textures of the dykes combined with U-Pb dating of magmatic monazite grains at 1005.4±4.4 Ma and 996.7±5.3 Ma (concordant igneous ages) imply that the LREE-rich PGD were emplaced in a post-tectonic setting. Allanite-(Ce) and monazite-(Ce)-bearing PGD have ΣREE contents up to 9242 ppm and 7048 ppm, respectively. The allanite-rich assemblage is consistent with the petrographic assemblage of LREE-enriched PGD identified in the southwestern Grenville Province and elsewhere in the world, but this study constitutes the first evidence for a sole presence of monazite as LREE-bearing phase in strongly peraluminous PGD from the Grenville Province.
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François Turlin, Anne-Sylvie André-Mayer, Abdelali Moukhsil, Olivier Vanderhaeghe, Félix Gervais, et al.. Unusual LREE-rich, peraluminous, monazite- or allanite-bearing pegmatitic granite in the central Grenville Province, Québec. Ore Geology Reviews, Elsevier, 2017, 89, pp.627-667. ⟨10.1016/j.oregeorev.2017.04.019⟩. ⟨insu-01524603⟩

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