F. Albarède and K. Semhi, Patterns of elemental transport in the bedload of the Meurthe River (NE France), Chemical Geology, vol.122, issue.1-4, pp.129-145, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(95)00011-A

C. J. Allègre, B. Dupré, P. Négrel, and J. Gaillardet, Sr_Nd_Pb isotope systematics in Amazon and Congo River systems: constraints about erosion processes, Chemical Geology, vol.131, issue.1-4, pp.93-112, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(96)00028-9

A. R. Basu, M. Sharma, and P. G. Decelles, Nd, Sr-isotopic provenance and trace element geochemistry of Amazonian foreland basin fluvial sands, Bolivia and Peru: implications for ensialic Andean orogeny, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.100, issue.1-3, pp.1-17, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(90)90172-T

J. L. Birck, Precision K???Rb???Sr isotopic analysis: Application to Rb???Sr chronology, Chemical Geology, vol.56, issue.1-2, pp.73-83, 1986.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(86)90111-7

J. Bouchez, Dynamique sédimentaire et cinétiques d'altération dans les grands fleuves, 2009.

J. Bouchez, F. Métivier, M. Lupker, L. Maurice, M. A. Perez et al., Prediction of depth-integrated fluxes of suspended sediment in the Amazon River: particle aggregation as a complicating factor, Hydrological Processes, vol.288, issue.98, pp.778-794, 2010.
DOI : 10.1002/hyp.7868

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01499495

J. Bouchez, E. Lajeunesse, J. Gaillardet, C. France?lanord, P. Dutra?maia et al., Turbulent mixing in the Amazon River: The isotopic memory of confluences, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.290, issue.1-2, pp.37-43, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.11.054

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00537876

D. E. Canfield, The geochemistry of river particulates from the continental USA: Major elements, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.61, issue.16, pp.61-3349, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00172-5

J. Chen, J. Gaillardet, P. Louvat, and S. Huon, Zn isotopes in the suspended load of the Seine River, France: Isotopic variations and source determination, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.73, issue.14, pp.4060-4076, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2009.04.017

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/bioemco-00397422

R. L. Cullers, The controls on the major- and trace-element evolution of shales, siltstones and sandstones of Ordovician to tertiary age in the Wet Mountains region, Colorado, U.S.A., Chemical Geology, vol.123, issue.1-4, pp.107-131, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0009-2541(95)00050-V

R. L. Cullers, B. Bock, and C. Guidotti, Elemental distributions and neodymium isotopic compositions of Silurian metasediments, western Maine, USA: Redistribution of the rare earth elements, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.61, issue.9, pp.61-1847, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00048-3

A. Dosseto, B. Bourdon, J. Gaillardet, L. Maurice?bourgoin, and C. J. Allègre, Weathering and transport of sediments in the Bolivian Andes: Time constraints from uranium-series isotopes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.248, issue.3-4, pp.759-771, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.06.027

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00322048

G. B. Douglas, C. M. Gray, B. T. Hart, and R. Beckett, A strontium isotopic investigation of the origin of suspended particulate matter (SPM) in the Murray-Darling River system, Australia, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.59, issue.18, pp.3799-3815, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(95)00266-3

T. Dunne, L. A. Mertes, R. H. Meade, J. E. Richey, and B. R. Forsberg, Exchanges of sediment between the flood plain and channel of the Amazon River in Brazil, Geological Society of America Bulletin, vol.110, issue.4, pp.450-467, 1998.
DOI : 10.1130/0016-7606(1998)110<0450:EOSBTF>2.3.CO;2

B. Dupré, J. Gaillardet, D. Rousseau, and C. J. Allègre, Major and trace elements of river-borne material: The Congo Basin, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.60, issue.8, pp.1301-1321, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0016-7037(96)00043-9

F. Elbaz?poulichet, P. Seyler, L. Maurice?bourgoin, J. ?. Guyot, and C. Dupuy, Trace element geochemistry in the upper Amazon drainage basin (Bolivia), Trace element geochemistry in the upper Amazon drainage basin (Bolivia), pp.319-334, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00015-7

N. Filizola and J. ?. Guyot, The use of Doppler technology for suspended sediment discharge determination in the River Amazon / L???utilisation des techniques Doppler pour la d??termination du transport solide de l???Amazone, Hydrological Sciences Journal, vol.3, issue.2, pp.143-153, 2004.
DOI : 10.1623/hysj.

C. France?lanord and L. A. Derry, Organic carbon burial forcing of the carbon cycle from Himalayan erosion, Nature, vol.390, issue.6655, pp.65-67, 1997.
DOI : 10.1038/36324

E. Franzinelli and P. E. Potter, Petrology, Chemistry, and Texture of Modern River Sands, Amazon River System, The Journal of Geology, vol.91, issue.1, pp.23-39, 1983.
DOI : 10.1086/628742

J. Gaillardet, B. Dupré, C. J. Allègre, and P. Négrel, Chemical and physical denudation in the Amazon River Basin, Chemical and physical denudation in the Amazon River Basin, pp.141-173, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0009-2541(97)00074-0

J. Gaillardet, B. Dupré, and C. J. Allègre, Geochemistry of large river suspended sediments: silicate weathering or recycling tracer?, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.63, issue.23-24, pp.4037-4051, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(99)00307-5

V. Galy, C. France?lanord, O. Beyssac, P. Faure, H. Kudrass et al., Efficient organic carbon burial in the Bengal fan sustained by the Himalayan erosional system, Efficient carbon burial in the Bengal fan sustained by the Himalayan erosional system, pp.407-410, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/nature06273

V. Galy, C. France?lanord, and B. Lartiges, Loading and fate of particulate organic carbon from the Himalaya to the Ganga???Brahmaputra delta, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.72, issue.7, pp.1767-1787, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gca.2008.01.027

M. H. García, Sediment transport and morphodynamics , in Sedimentation Engineering: Processes, Measurements , Modeling and Practice, Geol. Soc. of Civil Eng, pp.21-145, 2008.

E. Garzanti, S. Ando, C. France?lanord, P. Censi, P. Vignola et al., Mineralogical and chemical variability of fluvial sediments 2. Suspended-load silt (Ganga???Brahmaputra, Bangladesh), Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.302, issue.1-2, pp.107-120, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.11.043

E. Garzanti, S. Ando, C. France?lanord, G. Vezzoli, P. Censi et al., Mineralogical and chemical variability of fluvial sediments1. Bedload sand (Ganga???Brahmaputra, Bangladesh), Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.299, issue.3-4, pp.368-381, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2010.09.017

R. J. Gibbs, Amazon River: Environmental Factors That Control Its Dissolved and Suspended Load, Science, vol.156, issue.3783, pp.1734-1737, 1967.
DOI : 10.1126/science.156.3783.1734

V. M. Goldschmidt, The principles of distribution of chemical elements in minerals and rocks, J. Chem. Soc, pp.655-67310, 1937.

S. J. Goldstein, R. K. O-'nions, and P. J. Hamilton, A Sm-Nd isotopic study of atmospheric dusts and particulates from major river systems, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.70, issue.2, pp.221-236, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(84)90007-4

S. J. Goldstein and S. B. Jacobsen, Nd and Sr isotopic systematics of river water suspended material: implications for crustal evolution, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.87, issue.3, pp.249-265, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(88)90013-1

M. Granet, F. Chabaux, C. France?lanord, P. Stille, and E. Pelt, Time-scales of sedimentary transfer and weathering processes from U-series nuclides: Clues from the Himalayan rivers, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.261, issue.3-4, pp.389-406, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.012

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halsde-00177652

J. Guyot, J. ?. ?l, L. Jouanneau, G. R. Suares, N. Boaventura et al., Clay mineral composition of river sediments in the Amazon Basin, Catena, pp.71-340, 2007.

J. I. Hedges, W. A. Clark, P. D. Quay, J. E. Richey, A. H. Devol et al., Compositions and fluxes of particulate organic material in the Amazon River1, Limnology and Oceanography, vol.31, issue.4, pp.717-738, 1986.
DOI : 10.4319/lo.1986.31.4.0717

R. G. Hilton, A. Galy, and N. Hovius, Riverine particulate organic carbon from an active mountain belt: Importance of landslides, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol.46, issue.2, pp.10-1029, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2006GB002905

A. W. Hofmann, Chemical differentiation of the Earth: the relationship between mantle, continental crust, and oceanic crust, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.90, issue.3, pp.297-31410, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(88)90132-X

H. Jenny, Studies on the Mechanism of Ionic Exchange in Colloidal Aluminum Silicates, The Journal of Physical Chemistry, vol.36, issue.8, pp.2217-2258, 1932.
DOI : 10.1021/j150338a011

M. J. Johnsson and R. H. Meade, Chemical weathering of fluvial sediments during alluvial storage: The Macuapanim Island point bar, J. Sediment. Petrol, vol.60, pp.827-842, 1990.

P. Louvat and C. J. Allègre, Present denudation rates on the island of R??union determined by river geochemistry: Basalt weathering and mass budget between chemical and mechanical erosions, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.61, issue.17, pp.61-3645, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(97)00180-4

J. M. Martin and M. Meybeck, Elemental mass-balance of material carried by major world rivers, Marine Chemistry, vol.7, issue.3, pp.173-206, 1979.
DOI : 10.1016/0304-4203(79)90039-2

L. Maurice?bourgoin, M. ?. Bonnet, J. ?. Martinez, P. Kosuth, G. Cochonneau et al., Temporal dynamics of water and sediments exchanges between the Curuaí floodplain and the Amazon River, pp.140-156, 2007.

R. H. Meade, C. F. Nordin-jr, W. F. Curtis, F. M. Costa-rodrigues, C. M. Vale et al., Sediment loads in the Amazon River, Sediments load in the Amazon River, pp.161-163, 1979.
DOI : 10.1038/278161a0

M. Meybeck and A. Ragu, River discharge to the oceans: An assessment of suspended solids, major ions and nutrients, environment information and assessment report, 1996.

A. Meunier, Why are clay mineral small?, Clay Miner, pp.551-566, 2006.
DOI : 10.1180/0009855064120205

R. Millot, C. J. Allègre, J. Gaillardet, and S. Roy, Lead isotopic systematics of major river sediments: a new estimate of the Pb isotopic composition of the Upper Continental Crust, Chemical Geology, vol.203, issue.1-2, pp.75-90, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2003.09.002

P. J. Patchett, W. M. White, H. Feldmann, S. Kielinczuk, and A. W. Hofmann, Hafnium/rare earth element fractionation in the sedimentary system and crustal recycling into the Earth's mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.69, issue.2, pp.365-378, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(84)90195-X

C. Poinssot, B. Baeyens, and M. H. Bradbury, Experimental and modelling studies of caesium sorption on illite, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol.63, issue.19-20, pp.3217-3227, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0016-7037(99)00246-X

H. Putzer, The geological evolution of the Amazon Basin and its mineral resources, in The Amazon: Limnology and Landscape Ecology of a Mighty Tropical River and its Basin, pp.15-46, 1984.

B. L. Sawhney, Selective Sorption and Fixation of Cations by Clay Minerals: A Review, Clays and Clay Minerals, vol.20, issue.2, pp.93-100, 1972.
DOI : 10.1346/CCMN.1972.0200208

R. Slingerland, The Effects of Entrainment on the Hydraulic Equivalence Relationships of Light and Heavy Minerals in Sands, SEPM Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol.47, pp.180-190, 1977.
DOI : 10.1306/212F7243-2B24-11D7-8648000102C1865D

R. F. Stallard and J. M. Edmond, Geochemistry of the Amazon: 2. The influence of geology and weathering environment on the dissolved load, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, vol.19, issue.C14, pp.9671-9688, 1983.
DOI : 10.1029/JC088iC14p09671

J. Veizer and S. L. Jansen, Basement and Sedimentary Recycling and Continental Evolution, The Journal of Geology, vol.87, issue.4, pp.341-370, 1979.
DOI : 10.1086/628425

J. Viers, M. Roddaz, N. Filizola, J. ?. Guyot, F. Sondag et al., Seasonal and provenance controls on Nd???Sr isotopic compositions of Amazon rivers suspended sediments and implications for Nd and Sr fluxes exported to the Atlantic Ocean, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.274, issue.3-4, pp.511-523, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.08.011

J. Viers, B. Dupré, and J. Gaillardet, Chemical composition of suspended sediments in World Rivers: New insights from a new database, Science of The Total Environment, vol.407, issue.2, pp.863-868, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.053

N. Vigier, B. Bourdon, S. Turner, and C. J. Allégre, Erosion timescales derived from U-decay series measurements in rivers, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.193, issue.3-4, pp.549-563, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00510-6

H. Vital, K. Stattegger, C. ?d, and . Garbe?schönberg, Composition and trace-element geochemistry of detrital clay and heavy-mineral suites of the lowermost Amazon River; a provenance study, Journal of Sedimentary Research, vol.69, issue.3, pp.563-575, 1999.
DOI : 10.2110/jsr.69.563

H. Vital and K. Stattegger, Major and trace elements of stream sediments from the lowermost Amazon River, Chemical Geology, vol.168, issue.1-2, pp.151-168, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0009-2541(00)00191-1