A Raman lidar at Maïdo Observatory (Reunion Island) to measure water vapor in the troposphere and lower stratosphere: calibration and validation

Abstract : The Maïdo high-altitude observatory located in Reunion Island (21° S, 55.5° E) is equipped with Lidar1200, an innovative Raman lidar designed to measure the water vapor mixing ratio in the troposphere and the lower stratosphere. The calibration methodology is based on a GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) IWV (Integrated Water Vapor) dataset and lamp measurements. The mean relative standard error on the calibration coefficient is around 2.7 %. Two years of lidar water vapor measurements from November 2013 to October 2015 are now processed. By comparing CFH (Cryogenic Frost point Hygrometer) radiosonde profiles with the Raman lidar profiles, the ability of the lidar to provide accurate measurements is possible up to 22 km. The ability of measuring water vapor mixing ratios of a few ppmv in the lower stratosphere is demonstrated with a 48-hours integration time period, an absolute error lower than 0.8 ppmv and a relative error less than 20 %. This Raman lidar is dedicated to provide regular profiles of water vapor measurements with a high vertical resolution and low uncertainties to international networks; in the wider interest of research on stratosphere-troposphere exchange processes and on the long-term survey of water vapor in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere in the Southern Hemisphere. A strategy of data sampling and filtering is proposed to meet these objectives with regard to the altitude range requested. 10-min time integration and 65–90 m vertical resolution ensure a vertical profile reaching 10 km, but more than 2800 minutes and a vertical resolution of 150–1300 m are necessary to reach the lower stratosphere with an uncertainty less than 20 %.
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Hélène Vérèmes, Guillaume Payen, Philippe Keckhut, Valentin Duflot, Jean-Luc Baray, et al.. A Raman lidar at Maïdo Observatory (Reunion Island) to measure water vapor in the troposphere and lower stratosphere: calibration and validation. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, European Geosciences Union, 2017, pp.(Under Review). ⟨10.5194/amt-2017-32⟩. ⟨insu-01501235⟩



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