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Elevation change and stability on a prograding delta

Abstract : Coastal wetland systems are among the most dynamic landscapes on Earth's surface; however, interrelated processes create wetland platforms that are relatively constant in space and time. Theoretically, " stable " elevations should maintain themselves through time if the balance of processes creating that elevation remains unchanged. At Louisiana's prograding Wax Lake Delta, we measure landscape change between 2009 and 2013, quantifying volumetric changes to the delta, subaerial slope adjustment, and an equilibrium elevation of 0.56 m North American Vertical Datum of 1988 (where elevation change, on average, is zero), around which elevations fluctuate. We calculate a system average " equilibrium time scale " of 16 years to describe how long locations will take to approach the stable elevation. This time scale increases as a function of distance from channel edge. Peaks in elevation probability density functions can form for multiple reasons and do not require stability; e.g., peaks can temporarily form at elevations where elevation change rate is locally minimum.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 27, 2017 - 9:39:06 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 11:06:38 AM
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Wayne Wagner, Dimitri Lague, David Mohrig, Paola Passalacqua, John Shaw, et al.. Elevation change and stability on a prograding delta. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2017, ⟨10.1002/2016GL072070⟩. ⟨insu-01477153⟩

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