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Rupture process of the Oklahoma Mw5.7 Pawnee earthquake from Sentinel-1 InSAR and seismological data

Abstract : Since 2009, Oklahoma has experienced a sore in induced seismicity, a side effect of extensive saltwater injection into subsurface sedimentary rocks. The seismic hazard entailed by these regional-scale injection operations is however difficult to assess. The September 3, 2016, Mw5.7 Pawnee earthquake is the largest since the increase of seismic activity. The event was preceded by a mb3.2 foreshock two days before, and changes in injection rates have been reported on wastewater disposal wells located less than 10km from the epicenter, suggesting that the earthquake may have been induced. Using Sentinel-1 spaceborne interferometric synthetic aperture radar, we unambiguously show that the earthquake produced peak-to-peak line-of-sight displacement of 3 cm at the surface. Kinematic inversion of geodetic and seismological data shows that the main seismic rupture occurred between 4 and 9km depth, over a length of 8km, with slip reaching at least 40cm. The causative fault is entirely buried within the Precambrian basement, i.e. well beneath the Paleozoic sedimentary pile where injection is taking place. Potentially seismogenic faults in the basement of Oklahoma being poorly known, the risk of Mw≥6 events triggered by fluid injection remains an open question.
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Contributor : Robin Lacassin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 20, 2017 - 3:57:57 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 21, 2022 - 3:32:40 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, May 21, 2017 - 2:52:53 PM


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  • HAL Id : insu-01472195, version 1



Raphaël Grandin, Martin Vallée, Robin Lacassin. Rupture process of the Oklahoma Mw5.7 Pawnee earthquake from Sentinel-1 InSAR and seismological data. 2017. ⟨insu-01472195⟩



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