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A reappraisal of instrumental magnetic measurements made in Western Europe before AD 1750: confronting historical geomagnetism and archeomagnetism

Abstract : We present a new compilation and analysis of historical geomagnetic measurements made in Western Europe before AD 1750. The dataset in its ensemble provides a coherent evolution of magnetic field directions. Several data points excluded from previous analyses actually appear very consistent with most of the present compilation. A new average historical curve is computed for Paris, which is in very good agreement with the archeomagnetic data obtained in France, while significantly differing from the directional curve expected for Paris before AD 1675 based on the gufm1 model (Jackson et al. in Philos Trans R Soc Lond A 358:957–990, 2000). This finding suggests that the older segment of the gufm1 model lacks reliability and should be improved. Similarly, the historical part of the regional geomagnetic field model built for Europe by Pavón-Carrasco et al. (Geochem Geophys Geosyst 10:Q03013, 2009) should be revised because it erroneously incorporates directions derived from the gufm1 model.
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Maxime Le Goff, Yves Gallet. A reappraisal of instrumental magnetic measurements made in Western Europe before AD 1750: confronting historical geomagnetism and archeomagnetism. Earth Planets and Space, Springer/Terra Scientific Publishing Company, 2017, 69, pp.32. ⟨10.1186/s40623-017-0616-4⟩. ⟨insu-01472186⟩

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