B. T. Aagaard and T. Heaton, Near-Source Ground Motions from Simulations of Sustained Intersonic and Supersonic Fault Ruptures, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.94, issue.6, pp.2064-2078, 2004.
DOI : 10.1785/0120030249

B. T. Aagaard, R. W. Graves, D. P. Schwartz, D. A. Ponce, and R. W. Graymer, Ground-Motion Modeling of Hayward Fault Scenario Earthquakes, Part I: Construction of the Suite of Scenarios, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.100, issue.6, pp.2927-2944, 2010.
DOI : 10.1785/0120090324

D. Andrews, Rupture velocity of plane strain shear cracks, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.24, issue.32, pp.5679-5687, 1976.
DOI : 10.1029/JB081i032p05679

D. Andrews and M. Barall, Specifying Initial Stress for Dynamic Heterogeneous Earthquake Source Models, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.101, issue.5, pp.2408-2417, 2011.
DOI : 10.1785/0120110012

R. Archuleta, A faulting model for the 1979 Imperial Valley earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.89, issue.Part B, pp.4559-4585, 1984.
DOI : 10.1029/JB089iB06p04559

J. W. Baker, N. Luco, N. A. Abrahamson, R. W. Graves, P. J. Maechling et al., Engineering uses of physics-based ground motion simulations, Proceedings of the Tenth US Conference on Earthquake Engineering, pp.21-25, 2014.

C. Baumann and L. A. Dalguer, Evaluating the Compatibility of Dynamic Rupture-Based Synthetic Ground Motion with Empirical Ground-Motion Prediction Equation, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.104, issue.2, pp.634-652, 2014.
DOI : 10.1785/0120130077

H. S. Bhat, R. Dmowska, G. C. King, Y. Klinger, and J. R. Rice, Off-fault damage patterns due to supershear ruptures with application to the 2001 M w 8.1 Kokoxili (Kunlun) Tibet earthquake, J. Geophys. Res, vol.112, issue.B06301, p.10, 1029.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01288793

J. Bielak, R. W. Graves, K. B. Olsen, R. Taborda, L. Ramirez-guzman et al., The ShakeOut earthquake scenario: Verification of three simulation sets, Geophysical Journal International, vol.180, issue.1, pp.375-404, 2010.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04417.x

A. Bizzarri, ON THE DETERMINISTIC DESCRIPTION OF EARTHQUAKES, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.88, issue.B12, pp.10-1029, 2011.
DOI : 10.1029/2011RG000356

M. Bouchon and M. Vallée, Observation of Long Supershear Rupture During the Magnitude 8.1 Kunlunshan Earthquake, Science, vol.301, issue.5634, pp.824-826, 2003.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1086832

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00408560

M. Bouchon, M. Toksoz, H. Karabulut, M. Bouin, M. Dietrich et al., Space and Time Evolution of Rupture and Faulting during the 1999 Izmit (Turkey) Earthquake, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.92, issue.1, pp.256-266, 2002.
DOI : 10.1785/0120000845

J. Brune, Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear waves from earthquakes, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.73, issue.3, pp.4997-5009, 1970.
DOI : 10.1029/JB075i026p04997

R. Burridge, Admissible Speeds for Plane-Strain Self-Similar Shear Cracks with Friction but Lacking Cohesion, Geophysical Journal International, vol.35, issue.4, pp.439-455, 1973.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1973.tb00608.x

K. W. Campbell and Y. Bozorgnia, NGA ground motion model for the geometric mean horizontal component of PGA, PGV, PGD and 5% damped linear elastic response spectra for periods ranging from 0.01 to 10 s, Earthq, p.139, 2008.

F. Cotton and M. Campillo, Frequency domain inversion of strong motions: Application to the 1992 Landers earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.83, issue.B3, pp.3961-3975, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB02121

Y. Cui, K. B. Olsen, T. H. Jordan, K. Lee, J. Zhou et al., Scalable Earthquake Simulation on Petascale Supercomputers, 2010 ACM/IEEE International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, pp.13-19, 2010.
DOI : 10.1109/SC.2010.45

L. A. Dalguer, H. Miyake, S. M. Day, and K. Irikura, Surface Rupturing and Buried Dynamic-Rupture Models Calibrated with Statistical Observations of Past Earthquakes, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.98, issue.3, pp.1147-1161, 2008.
DOI : 10.1785/0120070134

S. Das, Earthquake supershear rupture speeds, Tectonophysics, vol.493, issue.3-4, pp.213-215, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2010.07.009

D. Toro, G. , D. L. Goldsby, and T. E. Tullis, Friction falls towards zero in quartz rock as slip velocity approaches seismic rates, Nature, vol.427, issue.6973, pp.436-439, 2004.
DOI : 10.1038/nature02249

E. M. Dunham and R. J. Archuleta, Evidence for a Supershear Transient during the 2002 Denali Fault Earthquake, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.94, issue.6B, pp.256-258, 2004.
DOI : 10.1785/0120040616

G. P. Ely, S. M. Day, and J. Minster, Dynamic Rupture Models for the Southern San Andreas Fault, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.100, issue.1, pp.131-150, 2010.
DOI : 10.1785/0120090187

Y. Fialko, D. Sandwell, M. Simons, and P. Rosen, Three-dimensional deformation caused by the Bam, Iran, earthquake and the origin of shallow slip deficit, Nature, vol.81, issue.7040, pp.295-299, 2005.
DOI : 10.1130/G20223.1

A. Frankel, Rupture Process of the M 7.9 Denali Fault, Alaska, Earthquake: Subevents, Directivity, and Scaling of High-Frequency Ground Motions, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.94, issue.6B, pp.234-255, 2004.
DOI : 10.1785/0120040612

D. Goldsby and T. Tullis, Low frictional strength of quartz rocks at subseismic slip rates, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.88, issue.17, pp.25-26, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2002GL015240

R. W. Graves and A. Pitarka, Broadband Ground-Motion Simulation Using a Hybrid Approach, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.100, issue.5A, pp.2095-2123, 2010.
DOI : 10.1785/0120100057

R. W. Graves, B. T. Aagaard, and K. W. Hudnut, The ShakeOut Earthquake Source and Ground Motion Simulations, Earthquake Spectra, vol.27, issue.2, pp.273-291, 2011.
DOI : 10.1193/1.3570677

M. Guatteri, P. M. Mai, and G. C. Beroza, A Pseudo-Dynamic Approximation to Dynamic Rupture Models for Strong Ground Motion Prediction, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.94, issue.6, pp.2051-2063, 2004.
DOI : 10.1785/0120040037

T. Hanks and W. H. Bakun, A Bilinear Source-Scaling Model for M-log A Observations of Continental Earthquakes, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.92, issue.5, pp.1841-1846, 2002.
DOI : 10.1785/0120010148

T. C. Hanks and W. H. Bakun, M-logA Observations for Recent Large Earthquakes, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.98, issue.1, pp.490-494, 2008.
DOI : 10.1785/0120070174

R. Harris, M. Barall, R. Archuleta, E. Dunham, B. Aagaard et al., The SCEC/USGS Dynamic Earthquake Rupture Code Verification Exercise, Seismological Research Letters, vol.80, issue.1, pp.119-126, 2009.
DOI : 10.1785/gssrl.80.1.119

S. Hartzell, S. Harmsen, A. Frankel, and S. Larsen, Calculation of broadband time histories of ground motion: Comparison of methods and validation using strong-ground motion from the 1994 Northridge earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am, vol.89, issue.6, pp.1484-1504, 1999.

S. Hartzell, P. Liu, and C. Mendoza, The 1994 Northridge, California, earthquake: Investigation of rupture velocity, risetime, and high-frequency radiation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.98, issue.B9, pp.91-111, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JB01883

O. Heidbach, M. Tingay, A. Barth, J. Reinecker, D. Kurfeß et al., The World Stress Map Database Release, 2008.

S. Ide and M. Takeo, Determination of constitutive relations of fault slip based on seismic wave analysis, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.2, issue.B12, pp.27379-27391, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97JB02675

C. Ji, Slip history the 2004 (M w 5.9) Parkfield earthquake (singleplane model), 2004.

M. Kohler, H. Magistrale, and R. Clayton, Mantle Heterogeneities and the SCEC Reference Three-Dimensional Seismic Velocity Model Version 3, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.93, issue.2, pp.757-774, 2003.
DOI : 10.1785/0120020017

URL : http://authors.library.caltech.edu/34599/1/Kohler2003.pdf

D. Komatitsch and J. Tromp, Introduction to the spectral element method for three-dimensional seismic wave propagation, Geophysical Journal International, vol.139, issue.3, pp.806-822, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246x.1999.00967.x

S. Krishnan and M. Muto, Sensitivity of the Earthquake Response of Tall Steel Moment Frame Buildings to Ground Motion Features, Journal of Earthquake Engineering, vol.86, issue.4, pp.673-698, 2013.
DOI : 10.1002/tal.546

S. Krishnan, C. Ji, D. Komatitsch, and J. Tromp, Case Studies of Damage to Tall Steel Moment-Frame Buildings in Southern California during Large San Andreas Earthquakes, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.96, issue.4A, p.1523, 2006.
DOI : 10.1785/0120050145

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00669073

S. Krishnan, M. Muto, R. Mourhatch, A. B. Bjornsson, and H. Siriki, Rupture-to-Rafters Simulations: Unifying Science and Engineering for Earthquake Hazard Mitigation, Computing in Science & Engineering, vol.13, issue.4, pp.28-43, 2011.
DOI : 10.1109/MCSE.2011.23

D. Lavallée, P. Liu, and R. J. Archuleta, Stochastic model of heterogeneity in earthquake slip spatial distributions, Geophys, J. Int, vol.165, issue.2, pp.622-640, 2006.

P. Liu, R. J. Archuleta, and S. H. Hartzell, Prediction of Broadband Ground-Motion Time Histories: Hybrid Low/High- Frequency Method with Correlated Random Source Parameters, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.96, issue.6, pp.2118-2130, 2006.
DOI : 10.1785/0120060036

X. Lu, Combined experimental and numerical study of spontaneous dynamic rupture on frictional interfaces, 2009.

X. Lu, A. J. Rosakis, and N. Lapusta, Rupture modes in laboratory earthquakes: Effect of fault prestress and nucleation conditions, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.88, issue.14???15, pp.10-1029, 2010.
DOI : 10.1029/2009JB006833

R. Madariaga and K. B. Olsen, 12 Earthquake dynamics, International Geophysics, vol.81, issue.12, p.175, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0074-6142(02)80215-7

P. Mai and G. Beroza, A spatial random field model to characterize complexity in earthquake slip, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.21, issue.B11, pp.10-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JB000588

M. Mello, H. S. Bhat, A. J. Rosakis, and H. Kanamori, Identifying the unique ground motion signatures of supershear earthquakes: Theory and experiments, Tectonophysics, vol.493, issue.3-4, pp.297-326, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2010.07.003

B. Mena, L. A. Dalguer, and P. M. Mai, Pseudodynamic Source Characterization for Strike-Slip Faulting Including Stress Heterogeneity and Super-Shear Ruptures, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.102, issue.4, pp.1654-1680, 2012.
DOI : 10.1785/0120110111

URL : http://repository.kaust.edu.sa/kaust/bitstream/10754/555764/1/1654.full.pdf

S. Nielsen and R. Madariaga, On the Self-Healing Fracture Mode, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.93, issue.6, pp.2375-2388, 2003.
DOI : 10.1785/0120020090

K. B. Olsen and J. E. Mayhew, Goodness-of-fit criteria for broadband synthetic seismograms, 2010.

K. B. Olsen, S. Day, L. Dalguer, J. Mayhew, Y. Cui et al., ShakeOut-D: Ground motion estimates using an ensemble of large earthquakes on the southern San Andreas fault with spontaneous rupture propagation, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.14, issue.B11, pp.4303-4313, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2008GL036832

K. B. Olsen, S. M. Day, J. B. Minster, Y. Cui, A. Chourasia et al., TeraShake2: Spontaneous Rupture Simulations of Mw 7.7 Earthquakes on the Southern San Andreas Fault, Terashake2: Spontaneous rupture simulations of M w 7.7 earthquakes on the southern San Andreas fault, pp.1162-1185, 2008.
DOI : 10.1785/0120070148

A. Plesch, C. Tape, J. Graves, P. Small, G. Ely et al., Updates for the CVM-H including new representations of the offshore Santa Maria and San Bernardino basin and a new Moho surface, 2011 Southern California Earthquake Center Annual Meeting, Proceedings and Abstracts, pp.11-14, 2011.

A. Rosakis, O. Samudrala, and D. Coker, Cracks Faster than the Shear Wave Speed, Science, vol.284, issue.5418, pp.1337-1340, 1999.
DOI : 10.1126/science.284.5418.1337

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

A. Rosakis, K. Xia, G. Lykotrafitis, and H. Kanamori, Dynamic shear rupture in frictional interfaces: Speeds, directionality and modes, Treatise in Geophysics, 2007.

J. Schmedes, R. J. Archuleta, and D. Lavallée, Correlation of earthquake source parameters inferred from dynamic rupture simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.177, issue.3, pp.10-1029, 2010.
DOI : 10.1029/2009JB006689

Z. Shi and S. M. Day, Rupture dynamics and ground motion from 3-D rough-fault simulations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.88, issue.3, pp.1122-1141, 2013.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2012.05685.x

P. Somerville, K. Irikura, R. Graves, S. Sawada, D. Wald et al., Characterizing Crustal Earthquake Slip Models for the Prediction of Strong Ground Motion, Seismological Research Letters, vol.70, issue.1, pp.59-80, 1999.
DOI : 10.1785/gssrl.70.1.59

S. G. Song and P. Somerville, Physics-Based Earthquake Source Characterization and Modeling with Geostatistics, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.100, issue.2, pp.482-496, 2010.
DOI : 10.1785/0120090134

S. G. Song, L. A. Dalguer, and P. M. Mai, Pseudo-dynamic source modelling with 1-point and 2-point statistics of earthquake source parameters, Geophysical Journal International, vol.196, issue.3, pp.1770-1786, 2014.
DOI : 10.1093/gji/ggt479

E. Tinti, E. Fukuyama, A. Piatanesi, and M. Cocco, A Kinematic Source-Time Function Compatible with Earthquake Dynamics, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.95, issue.4, pp.1211-1223, 2005.
DOI : 10.1785/0120040177

J. Townend, What do faults feel? Observational constraints on the stresses acting on seismogenic faults, Geophys. Monogr. Ser, vol.341, issue.52, pp.313-327, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/170GM31

J. Townend and M. Zoback, How faulting keeps the crust strong, Geology, vol.28, issue.5, p.399, 2000.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(2000)28<399:HFKTCS>2.0.CO;2

J. Townend and M. Zoback, Regional tectonic stress near the San Andreas fault in central and southern California, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.341, issue.B8, pp.10-1029, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2003GL018918

D. T. Trugman and E. M. Dunham, A 2D Pseudodynamic Rupture Model Generator for Earthquakes on Geometrically Complex Faults, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.104, issue.1, pp.95-112, 2014.
DOI : 10.1785/0120130138

D. J. Wald and T. Allen, Topographic Slope as a Proxy for Seismic Site Conditions and Amplification, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.97, issue.5, pp.1379-1395, 2007.
DOI : 10.1785/0120060267

Y. Zeng, J. Anderson, and G. Yu, A composite source model for computing realistic synthetic strong ground motions, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.81, issue.8, pp.725-728, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/94GL00367

M. Zoback and J. Townend, Implications of hydrostatic pore pressures and high crustal strength for the deformation of intraplate lithosphere, Tectonophysics, vol.336, issue.1-4, pp.19-30, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(01)00091-9

. Pasadena, California 91125 hemanth@caltech