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Coupled transport, mixing and biogeochemical reactions in fractured media: experimental observations and modelling at the Ploemeur fractured rock observatory

Abstract : Transport processes in fractured media and associated reactions are governed by multiscale heterogeneity ranging from fracture wall roughness at small scale to broadly distributed fracture lengths at network scale. This strong disorder induces a variety of emerging phenomena, including flow channeling, anomalous transport and heat transfer, enhanced mixing and reactive hotspot development. These processes are generally difficult to isolate and monitor in the field because of the high degree of complexity and coupling between them. We report in situ experimental observations from the Ploemeur fractured rock observatory ( http://hplus.ore.fr/en/ploemeur ) that provide new insights on the dynamics of transport and reaction processes in fractured media. These include dipole and push pull tracer tests that allow understanding and modelling anomalous transport processes characterized by heavy-tailed residence time distributions (Kang et al. 2015), thermal push pull tests that show the existence of highly channeled flow with a strong control on fracture matrix exchanges (Klepikova et al. 2016) and time lapse hydrogeophysical monitoring of saline tracer tests that allow quantifying the distribution of transport length scales governing dispersion processes (Shakas et al. 2016). These transport processes are then shown to induce rapid oxygen delivery and mixing at depth leading to massive biofilm development (Bochet et al., in prep.). Hence, this presentation will attempt to link these observations made at different scales to quantify and model the coupling between flow channeling, non-Fickian transport, mixing and chemical reactions in fractured media. References: Bochet et al. Biofilm blooms driven by enhanced mixing in fractured rock, in prep. Klepikova et al. 2016, Heat as a tracer for understanding transport processes in fractured media: theory and field assessment from multi-scale thermal push-pull tracer tests, Water Resour. Res. 52 Shakas et al. 2016, Hydrogeophysical characterization of transport processes in fractured rock by combining push-pull and single-hole ground penetrating radar experiments, Water Resour. Res. 52 Kang et al. 2015, Impact of velocity correlation and distribution on transport in fractured media : Field evidence and theoretical model, Water Resour. Res., 51
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01416952
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 15, 2016 - 10:18:39 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 7, 2019 - 11:44:06 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : insu-01416952, version 1

Citation

Tanguy Le Borgne, Olivier Bochet, Maria Klepikova, Peter Kang, Alexis Shakas, et al.. Coupled transport, mixing and biogeochemical reactions in fractured media: experimental observations and modelling at the Ploemeur fractured rock observatory . American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting 2016, American Geophysical Union, Dec 2016, San Francisco, United States. pp.H54C-04. ⟨insu-01416952⟩

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