P. C. Anderson, R. A. Heelis, and W. B. Hanson, The ionospheric signatures of rapid subauroral ion drifts, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.5, issue.A4, pp.96-5785, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/90JA02651

P. C. Anderson, W. B. Hanson, R. A. Heelis, J. D. Craven, D. N. Baker et al., A proposed production model of rapid subaur- A05219 oral ion drifts and their relationship to substorm evolution, J. Geophys. Res, issue.A4, pp.98-6069, 1993.

P. C. Anderson, D. L. Carpenter, K. Tsuruda, T. Mukai, and F. J. Rich, Multisatellite observations of rapid subauroral ion drifts (SAID), Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.96, issue.26, p.29585, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JA000128

A. Balogh, The Cluster Magnetic Field Investigation: overview of in-flight performance and initial results, Annales Geophysicae, vol.19, issue.10/12, p.1207, 2001.
DOI : 10.5194/angeo-19-1207-2001

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00316910

J. Birn, M. F. Thomsen, J. E. Borovsky, G. D. Reeves, D. J. Mccomas et al., Substorm ion injections: Geosynchronous observations and test particle orbits in three-dimensional dynamic MHD fields, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.86, issue.15, pp.2325-2342, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96JA03032

W. Burke, Ionospheric disturbances observed by DMSP at middle to low latitudes during the magnetic storm of, J. Geophys. Res, vol.105, issue.18, p.391, 1991.

P. M. Décréau, Early results from the Whisper instrument on Cluster: an overview, Annales Geophysicae, vol.19, issue.10/12, pp.1241-1258, 2001.
DOI : 10.5194/angeo-19-1241-2001

S. Figueiredo, T. Karlsson, and G. T. Marklund, Investigation of subauroral ion drifts and related field-aligned currents and ionospheric Pedersen conductivity distribution, Annales Geophysicae, vol.22, issue.3, pp.923-934, 2004.
DOI : 10.5194/angeo-22-923-2004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00317271

J. C. Foster and W. J. Burke, SAPS: A new categorization for subauroral electric fields, Eos Trans. AGU, issue.36, pp.83-393, 2002.

J. C. Foster and H. B. Vo, Average characteristics and activity dependence of the subauroral polarization stream, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.96, issue.A8, pp.147510-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JA000051

Y. Galperin, V. S. Soloviev, K. Torkar, J. C. Foster, and M. V. Veselov, Predicting plasmaspheric radial density profiles, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.96, issue.10, p.2079, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96JA00888

J. Goldstein, J. L. Burch, and B. R. Sandel, Magnetospheric model of subauroral polarization stream, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.23, issue.A8, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JA000220

J. Goldstein, J. L. Burch, B. R. Sandel, S. B. Mende, P. Brandt et al., Coupled response of the inner magnetosphere and ionosphere on 17 April 2002, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.81, issue.A8, p.3205, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JA010712

G. Gustafsson, The Electric Field and Wave Experiment for the Cluster Mission, Space Sci. Rev, vol.79, p.137, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-011-5666-0_6

J. L. Horwitz, R. H. Comfort, and C. R. Chappell, A statistical characterization of plasmasphere density structure and boundary locations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.73, issue.A6, p.7937, 1990.
DOI : 10.1029/JA095iA06p07937

T. Iijima and T. A. Potemra, The amplitude distribution of fieldaligned currents at northern high latitudes observed by Triad, J. Geophys. Res, issue.13, pp.81-2165, 1976.

T. Iijima, T. A. Potemra, and L. Z. Zanetti, Large-scale characteristics of magnetospheric equatorial currents, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.25, issue.A2, pp.95-991, 1990.
DOI : 10.1029/JA095iA02p00991

A. M. Jorgensen, H. E. Spence, W. J. Hughes, and H. J. Singer, A statistical study of the global structure of the ring current, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.20, issue.20, pp.1220410-1029, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2003JA010090

T. Karlsson, G. Marklund, L. Blomberg, and A. Mälkki, Subauroral electric fields observed by the Freja satellite: A statistical study, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.33, issue.A3, p.4327, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97JA00333

L. M. Kistler, F. M. Ipavich, D. C. Hamilton, G. Gloeckler, B. Wilken et al., Energy spectra of the major ion species in the ring current during geomagnetic storms, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.78, issue.13, p.3579, 1989.
DOI : 10.1029/JA094iA04p03579

H. Laakso and A. Pedersen, Ambient electron density derived from differential potential measurements, in Measurement Techniques in Space Plasmas, pp.49-54, 1998.

J. Labelle, R. Treumann, W. Baumjohann, G. Haerendel, N. Sckopke et al., The duskside plasmapause/ring current interface: Convection and plasma wave observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.78, issue.A4, p.2573, 1988.
DOI : 10.1029/JA093iA04p02573

X. Li, D. N. Baker, M. Temerin, G. D. Reeves, and R. D. Belian, Simulation of dispersionless injections and drift echoes of energetic electrons associated with substorms, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.73, issue.20, pp.25-3763, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/1998GL900001

M. W. Liemohn, J. U. Kozyra, C. R. Clauer, and A. J. Ridley, Computational analysis of the near-Earth magnetospheric current system during two-phase decay storms, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.28, issue.3, pp.531-29542, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JA000045

N. C. Maynard, T. L. Aggson, and J. P. Heppner, Magnetospheric observation of large sub-auroral electric fields, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.7, issue.11, p.881, 1980.
DOI : 10.1029/GL007i011p00881

E. V. Mishin and W. J. Burke, Stormtime coupling of the ring current, plasmasphere, and topside ionosphere: Electromagnetic and plasma disturbances, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.73, issue.A5, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JA011021

E. V. Mishin, W. J. Burke, C. Y. Huang, and F. J. Rich, Electromagnetic wave structures within subauroral polarization streams, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.96, issue.2, pp.130910-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JA009793

E. V. Mishin, W. J. Burke, and A. A. Viggiano, Stormtime subauroral density troughs: Ion-molecule kinetics effects, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.65, issue.A7, pp.10-1029, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JA010438

D. M. Ober, J. L. Horwitz, and D. L. Gallagher, Formation of density troughs embedded in the outer plasmasphere by subauroral ion drift events, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.37, issue.A7, pp.595-14602, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97JA01046

G. Paschmann, The Electron Drift Instrument for Cluster, Space Sci. Rev, vol.79, p.233, 1997.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-011-5666-0_10

H. Rème, First multispacecraft ion measurements in and near the Earth???s magnetosphere with the identical Cluster ion spectrometry (CIS) experiment, Annales Geophysicae, vol.19, issue.10/12, pp.1303-1354, 2001.
DOI : 10.5194/angeo-19-1303-2001

F. J. Rich and M. Hairston, Large-scale convection patterns observed by DMSP, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.87, issue.A10, p.3827, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93JA03296

F. J. Rich, W. J. Burke, M. C. Kelley, and M. Smiddy, Observations of field-aligned currents in association with strong convection electric fields at subauroral latitudes, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.6, issue.A5, pp.85-2335, 1980.
DOI : 10.1029/JA085iA05p02335

M. Smiddy, M. C. Kelley, W. Burke, R. Rich, R. Sagalyn et al., Intense poleward-directed electric fields near the ionospheric projection of the plasmapause, Intense poleward directed electric fields near the ionospheric projection of the plasmapause, p.543, 1977.
DOI : 10.1029/GL004i011p00543

R. Spiro, R. Heelis, and W. Hanson, Rapid subauroral ion drifts observed by Atmosphere Explorer C, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.83, issue.8, p.657, 1979.
DOI : 10.1029/GL006i008p00657

M. Thomsen, J. Birn, J. Borovsky, K. Morzinski, D. Mccomas et al., Two-satellite observations of substorm injections at geosynchronous orbit, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.97, issue.A5, pp.8405-8416, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JA000080

P. K. Toivanen, H. E. Koskinen, and T. I. Pulkkinen, Mapping between the ionospheric and the tail electric fields in a time-dependent Earth's magnetosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.78, issue.A5, p.9153, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97JA03028

N. A. Tsyganenko, A model of the near magnetosphere with a dawn-dusk asymmetry 1. Mathematical structure, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.105, issue.A8, pp.117910-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JA000220

N. A. Tsyganenko, A model of the near magnetosphere with a dawn-dusk asymmetry 2. Parameterization and fitting to observations, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.88, issue.4, pp.117610-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JA000219

T. E. Valchuck, Y. I. Galperin, L. M. Nikolaenko, Y. I. Feldstein, J. Bosqued et al., Equatorial border of the auroral electron diffuse precipitation zone in the morning sector, pp.875-883, 1986.

C. Vallat, I. Dandouras, M. Dunlop, A. Balogh, E. Lucek et al., First current density measurements in the ring current region using simultaneous multi-spacecraft CLUSTER-FGM data, Annales Geophysicae, vol.23, issue.5, pp.1849-1865, 2005.
DOI : 10.5194/angeo-23-1849-2005

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00013196

V. M. Vasyliunas, Mathematical Models of Magnetospheric Convection and its Coupling to the Ionosphere, Particles and Fields in the Magnetosphere, p.60, 1970.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-010-3284-1_6

D. Weimer, C. Goertz, D. Gurnett, N. Maynard, and J. Burch, Auroral zone electric fields from DE 1 and 2 at magnetic conjunctions, Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, vol.9, issue.10, p.7479, 1985.
DOI : 10.1029/JA090iA08p07479

H. Yeh, J. C. Foster, F. J. Rick, and W. Swider, Storm time electric field penetration observed at mid-latitude, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.95, issue.12, pp.96-5707, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/90JA02751