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Spectrophotometry of the Khonsu region on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko using OSIRIS instrument images

J. D. P. Deshapriya 1 M. A. Barucci 1 S. Fornasier 1 C. Feller 1 P. H. Hasselmann 1 H. Sierks 2 M. R. El-Maarry 3 M. Pajola 4 C. Barbieri 5 Philippe L. Lamy 6 R. Rodrigo 7, 8 Detlef Koschny 9 H. Rickman 10, 11 Jessica Agarwal 2 Michael F. A'Hearn 12 Jean-Loup Bertaux 13 I. Bertini 5 S. Boudreault 2 Gabriele Cremonese 14 V. Da deppo 15 B. J. R. Davidsson 16 S. Debei 17 J. Deller 2 M. De cecco 18 M. Fulle 19 A. Gicquel 2 Olivier Groussin 6 P. J. Gutierrez 20 C. Güttler 2 M. Hofmann 2 S. F. Hviid 21 W. Ip 22 L. Jorda 6 H.U. Keller 23 J. Knollenberg 21 R. Kramm 2 Ekkehard Kührt 21 M. Küppers 24 L. Lara 20 M. Lazzarin 5 J.J. Lopez Moreno 20 F. Marzari 5 S. Mottola 21 G. Naletto 25, 26, 15 N. Oklay 2 D. Perna 1 A. Pommerol 3 N. Thomas 3 C. Tubiana 2 Jean-Baptiste Vincent 2 
Abstract : Our work focuses on the spectrophotometric analysis of selected terrain and bright patches in the Khonsu region on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Despite the variety of geological features, their spectrophotometric properties appear to indicate a similar composition. It is noticeable that the smooth areas in Khonsu possess similar spectrophotometric behaviour to some other regions of the comet. We observed bright patches on Khonsu with an estimation of > 40% of normal albedo and suggest that they are associated to H2O ice. One of the studied bright patches has been observed to exist on the surface for more than 5 months without a major decay of its size, implying the existence of potential subsurface icy layers. Its location may be correlated with a cometary outburst during the perihelion passage of the comet in August 2015, and we interpret it to have triggered the surface modifications necessary to unearth the stratified icy layers beneath the surface. A boulder analysis on Khonsu leads to a power-law index of -3.1 +0.2/-0.3 suggesting a boulder formation, shaped by varying geological processes for different morphological units.
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J. D. P. Deshapriya, M. A. Barucci, S. Fornasier, C. Feller, P. H. Hasselmann, et al.. Spectrophotometry of the Khonsu region on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko using OSIRIS instrument images. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2016, 462 (Suppl. 1), pp.S274-S286. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stw2530⟩. ⟨insu-01376715⟩



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