Summer fireworks on comet 67P - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Year : 2016

Summer fireworks on comet 67P

Jean-Loup Bertaux
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 914210
Pedro J. Gutiérrez
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 880386
L. Jorda
Michael Küppers


During its two years mission around comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko, ESA's Rosetta spacecraft had the unique opportunity to follow closely a comet in the most active part of its orbit. Many studies have presented the typical features associated to the activity of the nucleus, such as localized dust and gas jets. Here we report on series of more energetic transient events observed during the three months surrounding the comet's perihelion passage in August 2015. We detected and characterized 34 outbursts with the Rosetta cameras, one every 2.4 nucleus rotation. We identified 3 main dust plume morphologies associated to these events: a narrow jet, a broad fan, and more complex plumes featuring both previous types together. These plumes are comparable in scale and temporal variation to what has been observed on other comets. We present a map of the outbursts source locations, and discuss the associated topography. We find that the spatial distribution sources on the nucleus correlates well with morphological region boundaries, especially in areas marked by steep scarps or cliffs. Outbursts occur either in the early morning or shortly after the local noon, indicating two potential processes: Morning outbursts may be triggered by thermal stresses linked to the rapid change of temperature; afternoon events are most likely related to the diurnal or seasonal heat wave reaching volatiles buried under the first surface layer. In addition, we propose that some events can be the result of a completely different mechanism, in which most of the dust is released upon the collapse of a cliff.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
MNRAS-2016-Vincent-mnras_stw2409.pdf (5.18 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

insu-01371064 , version 1 (07-11-2016)



Jean-Baptiste Vincent, Michael F. A'Hearn, Zhong-Yi Lin, Mohamed R. El-Maarry, Maurizio Pajola, et al.. Summer fireworks on comet 67P. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2016, 462 (suppl. 1), pp.S184-S194. ⟨10.1093/mnras/stw2409⟩. ⟨insu-01371064⟩
802 View
126 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More