Z. Altamimi, P. Sillard, and C. Boucher, ITRF2000: A new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame for earth science applications, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.24, issue.2, pp.221410-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JB000561

C. Ammon, Rupture process of the, Sumatra? Andaman earthquake Science, vol.308, pp.1133-1139, 2004.

P. Banerjee, F. Pollitz, and R. Bürgmann, The Size and Duration of the Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake from Far-Field Static Offsets, Science, vol.308, issue.5729, pp.1769-1772, 2005.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1113746

P. Banerjee, F. Pollitz, B. Nagarajan, and R. Burgmann, Co?seismic slip distributions of the 26, Sumatra?Andaman and 28 March 2005 Nias earthquakes from GPS static offsets, pp.97-86, 2004.

R. Biancale, J. ?. Lemoine, G. Balmino, S. Loyer, S. Bruinsma et al., Five years of decadal geoid variations from GRACE and LAGEOS data, 2007.

R. Bürgmann and G. Dresen, Rheology of the Lower Crust and Upper Mantle: Evidence from Rock Mechanics, Geodesy, and Field Observations, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol.36, issue.1, pp.531-567, 2008.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.earth.36.031207.124326

M. Chlieh, Coseismic Slip and Afterslip of the Great Mw 9.15 Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of 2004, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, vol.97, issue.1A, pp.152-173, 2004.
DOI : 10.1785/0120050631

J. Curray, Tectonics and history of the Andaman Sea region, Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, vol.25, issue.1, pp.187-232, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jseaes.2004.09.001

C. De-linage, L. Rivera, J. Hinderer, J. ?. Boy, Y. Rogister et al., Separation of coseismic and postseismic gravity changes for the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from 4.6 yr of GRACE observations and modelling of the coseismic change by normal-modes summation, Geophysical Journal International, vol.176, issue.3, pp.695-714, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.04025.x

C. Deplus, Indian Ocean actively deforms, Science, issue.5523, pp.292-1850, 2001.

O. De-viron, I. Panet, V. Mikhailov, M. Van-camp, and M. Diament, Retrieving earthquake signature in grace gravity solutions, Geophysical Journal International, vol.174, issue.1, pp.14-20, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2008.03807.x

M. Diament, H. Harjono, K. Karta, C. Deplus, D. Dahrin et al., Mentawai fault zone off Sumatra: A new key to the geodynamics of western Indonesia, Geology, vol.20, issue.3, pp.259-262, 1992.
DOI : 10.1130/0091-7613(1992)020<0259:MFZOSA>2.3.CO;2

A. M. Dziewonski and D. L. Anderson, Preliminary reference Earth model, Preliminary Reference Earth Model (PREM), pp.297-356, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0031-9201(81)90046-7

K. Fleming, Z. Martinec, and D. Wolf, Glacial-isostatic Adjustment and the Viscosity Structure Underlying the Vatnaj??kull Ice Cap, Iceland, Glacial?isostatic adjustment and the viscosity structure underlying the Vatnajokull Ice Cap, pp.751-768, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s00024-007-0187-6

A. M. Freed and R. Bürgmann, Evidence of power-law flow in the Mojave desert mantle, Nature, vol.63, issue.6999, pp.548-551, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/95JB00070

A. M. Freed, R. Bürgmann, E. Calais, and J. T. Freymueller, Stress-dependent power-law flow in the upper mantle following the 2002 Denali, Alaska, earthquake, Stress?dependent power?law flow in the upper mantle following the 2002 Denali, pp.481-489, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.10.011

R. Gross and B. Chao, The Gravitational Signature of Earthquakes, Gravity, Geoid and Geodynamics, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-662-04827-6_34

O. Gudmundsson and M. Sambridge, A regionalized upper mantle (RUM) seismic model, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.117, issue.B4, pp.7121-7136, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97JB02488

B. H. Hager, Mantle Viscosity: A Comparison of Models from Postglacial Rebound and from the Geoid, Plate Driving Forces, and Advected Heat Flux, Glacial Isostasy, Sea Level and Mantle Rheology, pp.493-513, 1991.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-011-3374-6_23

W. C. Hammond, C. Kreemer, and G. Blewitt, Geodetic constraints on contemporary deformation in the Northern Walker Lane: 3. Central Nevada seismic belt postseismic relaxation, Late Cenozoic Structure and Evolution of the Great Basin, pp.33-54102447, 1130.

S. ?. Han and F. Simons, Spatiospectral localization of global geopotential fields from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) reveals the coseismic gravity change owing to the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.162, issue.B9, pp.140510-1029, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007JB004927

S. Han, J. ?c, S. B. Sauber, C. Luthcke, F. Ji et al., Implications of postseismic gravity change following the great 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake from the regional harmonic analysis of GRACE intersatellite tracking data, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.436, issue.1, pp.1141310-1029, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2008JB005705

M. Hashimoto, N. Chhoosakul, M. Hashizume, S. Takemoto, H. Takiguchi et al., Crustal deformations associated with the Great Sumatra?Andaman earthquake deduced from continuous GPS observations, Earth Planets Space, pp.127-139, 2006.

T. Herring, R. King, and S. Mcclusky, GLOBK: Global Kalman filter VLBI and GPS analysis program, release 10, Mass. Inst. of Technol, vol.3, 2008.

T. Herring, R. King, and S. Mcclusky, Documentation for the GAMIT GPS analysis software, release 10, Mass. Inst. of Technol, vol.3, 2008.

G. Hirth and D. Kohlstedt, Rheology of the upper mantle and the mantle wedge: A view from the experimentalists , in Inside the Subduction Factory, Geophys. Monogr. Ser, vol.138, pp.83-105, 2003.

M. Holschneider, A. Chambodut, and M. Mandea, From global to regional analysis of the magnetic field on the sphere using wavelet frames, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.135, issue.2-3, pp.107-124, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0031-9201(02)00210-8

S. Karato and P. Wu, Rheology of the Upper Mantle: A Synthesis, Science, vol.260, issue.5109, pp.771-778, 1993.
DOI : 10.1126/science.260.5109.771

S. D. King, The viscosity structure of the mantle, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.114, pp.11-18, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/95RG00279

A. O. Konca, Partial rupture of a locked patch of the Sumatra megathrust during the 2007 earthquake sequence, Nature, vol.92, issue.7222, pp.631-635, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/nature07572

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00407873

T. Lay, The Great Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake of 26 December 2004, Science, vol.308, issue.5725, pp.1127-1133, 2004.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1112250

J. ?. Lemoine, S. Bruinsma, S. Loyer, R. Biancale, J. ?. Marty et al., Temporal gravity field models inferred from GRACE data, Temporal gravity field models inferred from GRACE data, pp.1620-1629, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.asr.2007.03.062

T. Masterlark, C. Demets, H. Wang, O. Sanchez, and J. Stock, Homogeneous vs heterogeneous subduction zone models: Coseismic and postseismic deformation, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.106, issue.21, pp.4047-4050, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2001GL013612

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.506.7394

V. Mikhailov, S. Tikhostky, M. Diament, I. Panet, and V. Ballu, Can tectonic processes be recovered from new gravity satellite data?, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.228, issue.3-4, pp.281-297, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2004.09.035

J. B. Minster and D. L. Anderson, A Model of Dislocation-Controlled Rheology for the Mantle, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.299, issue.1449, pp.319-356, 1981.
DOI : 10.1098/rsta.1981.0025

M. Nakada and K. Lambeck, Glacial rebound and relative sea-level variations: a new appraisal, Geophysical Journal International, vol.90, issue.1, pp.171-224, 1987.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1987.tb00680.x

M. Nakada and K. Lambeck, Late Pleistocene and Holocene sea-level change in the Australian region and mantle rheology, Geophysical Journal International, vol.96, issue.3, pp.497-517, 1989.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1989.tb06010.x

S. S. Nalbant, S. Steacy, K. Sieh, D. Natawidjaja, and J. Mccloskey, Seismology: Earthquake risk on the Sunda trench, Earthquake risk on the Sunda trench, pp.756-757, 2005.
DOI : 10.1126/science.280.5367.1245

R. Ogawa and K. Heki, Slow post?seismic recovery of geoid depression formed by the 2004 Sumatra?Andaman earthquake by mantle water diffusion, Geophys. Res. Lett, pp.10-1029, 2007.

I. Panet, A. Chambodut, M. Diament, M. Holschneider, and O. Jamet, New insights on intra?plate volcanism in French Polynesia from wavelet analysis of GRACE, CHAMP and sea?surface data, J. Geophys. Res, vol.111, pp.940310-1029, 2006.

I. Panet, V. Mikhailov, M. Diament, F. Pollitz, G. King et al., Coseismic and post-seismic signatures of the Sumatra 2004 December and 2005 March earthquakes in GRACE satellite gravity, Co?seismic and post?seismic signatures of the Sumatra December 2004 and March 2005 earthquakes in GRACE satellite gravity, pp.177-190, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03525.x

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01355195

A. Paulson and M. A. Richards, On the resolution of radial viscosity structure in modeling long?wavelength post? glacial rebound data, Geophys, J. Int, vol.179, pp.1516-1526, 2009.

F. Pollitz, Coseismic Deformation From Earthquake Faulting On A Layered Spherical Earth, Geophysical Journal International, vol.125, issue.1, pp.1-14, 1996.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1996.tb06530.x

F. Pollitz, Gravitational?viscoelestic postseismic relaxation on a layered spherical Earth, J. Geophys. Res, vol.102, issue.17, pp.921-17941, 1997.

F. Pollitz, Transient rheology of the uppermost mantle beneath the Mojave Desert, California, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.215, issue.1-2, pp.89-104, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00432-1

F. Pollitz, R. Bürgmann, and B. Romanowicz, Viscosity of Oceanic Asthenosphere Inferred from Remote Triggering of Earthquakes, Science, vol.280, issue.5367, pp.1245-1249, 1998.
DOI : 10.1126/science.280.5367.1245

F. Pollitz, C. Wicks, and W. Thatcher, Mantle Flow Beneath a Continental Strike-Slip Fault: Postseismic Deformation After the 1999 Hector Mine Earthquake, Science, vol.293, issue.5536, pp.1814-1818, 2001.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1061361

F. Pollitz, P. Banerjee, and R. Bürgmann, Post-seismic relaxation following the great 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake on a compressible self-gravitating Earth, Geophysical Journal International, vol.167, issue.1, pp.397-420, 2006.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03018.x

F. Pollitz, P. Banerjee, K. Grijalva, B. Nagarajan, and R. Bürgmann, = 9.2 Sumatra earthquake, Geophysical Journal International, vol.173, issue.1, pp.189-204, 2008.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03666.x

G. Ranalli, Rheology of the Earth, 1995.

R. D. Ray and S. B. Luthcke, Tide model errors and GRACE gravimetry: towards a more realistic assessment, Geophysical Journal International, vol.167, issue.3, pp.1055-1059, 2006.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03229.x

E. J. Schrama and P. N. Visser, Accuracy assessment of the monthly GRACE geoids based upon a simulation, Journal of Geodesy, vol.101, issue.B4, pp.67-80, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s00190-006-0085-1

M. Simoes, J. ?. Avouac, R. Cattin, and P. Henry, The Sumatra subduction zone: A case for a locked fault zone extending into the mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.90, issue.B1, pp.10-1029, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JB001227

F. Simons, J. Hawthorne, and C. Beggan, Efficient analysis and representation of geophysical processes using Geochemistry Geophysics localized spherical basis functions, Proc. SPIE Int, pp.10-1117, 2009.

W. Sun and S. Okubo, Coseismic deformations detectable by satellite gravity missions: A case study of Alaska) and Hokkaido (2003) earthquakes in the spectral domain, J. Geophys. Res, vol.109, pp.440510-1029, 1964.

W. Thatcher and F. Pollitz, Temporal evolution of continental lithospheric strength in actively deforming regions, GSA Today, vol.18, issue.4, pp.4-5, 2008.
DOI : 10.1130/GSAT01804-5A.1

C. Vigny, Insight into the 2004 Sumatra???Andaman earthquake from GPS measurements in southeast Asia, Nature, vol.436, issue.7048, pp.201-206, 2005.
DOI : 10.1038/nature03937

J. Wahr, M. Molenaar, and F. Bryan, Time variability of the Earth's gravity field: Hydrological and oceanic effects and their possible detection using GRACE, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.303, issue.4, pp.205-30229, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JB02844

P. Wessel and W. H. Smith, New version of the Generic Mapping Tool released, Eos Trans. AGU, pp.76-329, 1995.