Optimized trigger for ultra-high-energy cosmic-ray and neutrino observations with the low frequency radio array

K. Singh 1 M. Mevius 2 O. Scholten 3 J.M. Anderson 4 A. van Ardenne M. Arts M. Avruch A. Asgekar 2 M. Bell 5 P. Bennema M. Bentum 2 G. Bernadi P. Best 6 A.-J. Boonstra 2 J. Bregman 2 R. van de Brink 2 C. Broekema W. Brouw 7 M. Brueggen S. Buitink 8 H. Butcher 9 W. van Cappellen 10 B. Ciardi 11 A. Coolen 12 S. Damstra R. Dettmar 13 G. van Diepen K. Dijkstra P. Donker A. Doorduin M. Drost A. van Duin 2 J. Eisloeffel H. Falcke 8 M. Garrett 14 M. Gerbers 2 Jean-Mathias Grießmeier 15 T. Grit 2 P. Gruppen A. Gunst 2 M. van Haarlem 2 M. Hoeft 16 H. Holties 2 J. Hörandel 8 L.A. Horneffer A. Huijgen C. James A. de Jong D. Kant E. Kooistra Y. Koopman L. Koopmans 7 G. Kuper 2 P. Lambropoulos 2, 7 J. van Leeuwen 17, 2 M. Loose 2 P. Maat 2 C. Mallary R. Mcfadden 2 H. Meulman 2 J.-D. Mol J. Morawietz E. Mulder 18 H. Munk 2 L. Nieuwenhuis R. Nijboer 2 M.J. Norden 2 J. Noordam 2 R. Overeem H. Paas V.N. Pandey 7 M. Pandey-Pommier 19 R. Pizzo 2 A. Polatidis 2 W. Reich 4 J. de Reijer A. Renting 2 P. Riemers H. Roettgering J. Romein J. Roosjen M. Ruiter A. Schoenmakers 2 G. Schoonderbeek J. Sluman 2 O. Smirnov B. Stappers 20 M. Steinmetz 21 H. Stiepel K. Stuurwold Michel Tagger 15 Y. Tang 22 S. ter Veen 23 R. Vermeulen M. de Vos 2 C. Vogt 2 E. van der Wal H. Weggemans S. Wijnholds 2 M. Wise 17 O. Wucknitz S. Yattawatta J. van Zwieten
Abstract : When an ultra-high energy neutrino or cosmic-ray strikes the Lunar surface a radio-frequency pulse is emitted. We plan to use the LOFAR radio telescope to detect these pulses. In this work we propose an efficient trigger implementation for LOFAR optimized for the observation of short radio pulses.
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K. Singh, M. Mevius, O. Scholten, J.M. Anderson, A. van Ardenne, et al.. Optimized trigger for ultra-high-energy cosmic-ray and neutrino observations with the low frequency radio array. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Elsevier, 2012, 664 (1), pp.171-185. ⟨10.1016/j.nima.2011.10.041⟩. ⟨insu-01351035⟩

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