Electrical Propertiesof hydrous magmas

Abstract : Volatiles strongly affect physical and chemical properties of magmas which are major vectors of mass and heat transfer in the Earth’s. In subduction zones, hydrated melts prevail during the entire course of differentiation from basalts, andesites, dacites to rhyolites. Several electrical surveys obtained by magneto telluric investigations are currently deployed at subduction zones. The electrical conductivity of hydrous melts is however poorly constrained: so far only three studies have experimentally addressed this topic. Here, we show in situ electrical impedance of natural dacites, andesites (from Uturuncu Volcano, Bolivia) and basaltic magmas obtained with a 4-wire set up in a piston cylinder and internally heated pressure vessel. The range of temperature (500 to 1300°C), pressure (0.3 to 2 Gpa), and the various water contents and crystal fractions covers the respective ranges occurring at natural conditions. First results show that the conductivity increases with the temperature, the melt fraction, and a slightly decreases with the pressure and the crystal fraction. The compilation of these results with previous studies (rhyolitic, phonolitic and basaltic compositions) will lead to a general model of the electrical properties of magmas. Such a model will help in (i) interpreting the electrical signature of natural magmas and (ii) constraining their conditions (chemical composition, temperature, pressure, water content, melt fraction) from the source to the storage location.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 18, 2016 - 4:32:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : insu-01290844, version 1

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Mickaël Laumonier, David Sifré, Fabrice Gaillard. Electrical Propertiesof hydrous magmas. AGU Fall Meeting, Dec 2013, San Francisco, United States. ⟨insu-01290844⟩

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