Structure and composition of the wax of the date palm, Phoenixdactylifera L., from the septentrional Sahara - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientia Horticulturae Year : 2016

Structure and composition of the wax of the date palm, Phoenixdactylifera L., from the septentrional Sahara

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Abstract

The date palm, Phoenix dactylifera L. is an important economic species in arid regions of the septentrional Sahara. As this species survives under drastic conditions, the waxes of the leaf, as a strategy in response to stress, were the focus of these studies. From a structural point of view, the cuticle is overlaid with crys-talloid waxes corresponding to epicuticular wax. The majority of these waxes were polygonal rodletsforming rings around the stomata, corresponding to the ‘Strelitzia Type’. The effects of intense erosion were observed on the oldest leaves. From a chemical aspect, the wax primarily comprised n-alkanes(65.0% of the total wax), the most abundant of which is n-hentriacontane (24.3% of the n-alkanes). In the polar fraction, the triterpenoids represented the highest percent (19.6% of the total wax). The widely distributed ursolic acid and betulin were the most important triterpenoids identified, and the two othercompounds were sterols. Betulin is an uncommon triterpenoid. According to previous studies, we hypoth-esized that the two main classes, n-alkanes and triterpenoids, are involved in formation of the rodlet wax structure. Fatty acids, aliphatic alcohols and ketones were also identified. A homologous series ofaliphatics were described
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insu-01273319 , version 1 (12-02-2016)

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Rahma Khelil, Emilie Jardé, Francisco Cabello-Hurtado, Aminata Ould El Hadj-Khelil, Marie-Andrée Esnault. Structure and composition of the wax of the date palm, Phoenixdactylifera L., from the septentrional Sahara. Scientia Horticulturae, 2016, 201, pp.238-246. ⟨10.1016/j.scienta.2016.02.012⟩. ⟨insu-01273319⟩
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