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The Loss Rate of Ions from the Martian Atmosphere

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Jasper Halekas
Shannon Curry
Chuanfei Dong
Roberto Livi
Ronan Modolo
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 916163
Kanako Seki
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Abstract

In November 2014 the MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN) spacecraft began the science phase of its mission to study the upper atmosphere of Mars and its escape to space. The loss of atmospheric particles (in neutral or charged state) to space is thought to have played a role in the evolution of the Martian climate over the past ~4 billion years. Charged particle escape at Mars may be significant due to the absence of a global dynamo magnetic field for most of its history, allowing more direct access of the solar wind to the Martian atmosphere. Among its many measurement capabilities, MAVEN can detect escaping planetary ions with high time cadence and high energy and mass resolution using the STATIC (SupraTheral and Thermal Ion Composition) instrument. We present the results of an effort to compute the escape rate of ions from the Martian atmosphere over MAVEN’s primary mission. We statistically map the measured fluxes of planetary ions to various surfaces near Mars, including a closed spherical shell surrounding the planet. We map both incoming and outgoing ion fluxes over different mass and energy ranges, and separate the fluxes by different drivers of escape measured by MAVEN, including solar wind pressure, Extreme Ultraviolet flux, and Interplanetary Magnetic Field strength. We place our results in context with measurements of ion escape made by the Phobos 2 and Mars Express missions, and address the implications for atmospheric loss over the history of the planet.
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Dates and versions

insu-01253294 , version 1 (09-01-2016)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : insu-01253294 , version 1

Cite

Dave Brain, James Mcfadden, Jasper Halekas, John Connerney, Stephen Bougher, et al.. The Loss Rate of Ions from the Martian Atmosphere. AGU Fall Meeting 2015, Dec 2015, San Francisco, United States. pp.P13D-08. ⟨insu-01253294⟩
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