Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

The geological roots of South America: 4.1 Ga and 3.7 Ga zircon crystals discovered in N.E. Brazil and N.W. Argentina

Abstract : We present new LA-ICP-MS in situ geochronological results for seven Eoarchean zircons dated at 3.7 Ga coming from Cretaceous ash layers of NW Argentina and one Hadean single crystal sampled within the São Francisco Craton in NE Brazil. This zircon comprises a zoned magmatic core dated at 4.1 Ga surrounded by a 1.9 Ga overgrowth related to Paleoproterozoic reworking. This Hadean age is consistent with previously published Nd model ages on orthogneisses from the same domain. These two results represent among the oldest geological witnesses discovered to date in South America, which demonstrates the occurrence of a primitive crust. The contrasting age patterns recorded in both samples and localities indicate that at least two different nuclei of early crust survived in the continental domain. The São Francisco Craton in Brazil can be now considered as one of the very few areas where rare occurrences of Hadean zircon record the early evolution of the Earth.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01252420
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 7, 2016 - 3:30:02 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 17, 2020 - 8:36:05 AM

Identifiers

Citation

Jean-Louis Paquette, J.S.F. Barbosa, Sébastien Rohais, S.C.P. Cruz, Philippe Goncalves, et al.. The geological roots of South America: 4.1 Ga and 3.7 Ga zircon crystals discovered in N.E. Brazil and N.W. Argentina. Precambrian Research, Elsevier, 2015, 271, pp.49-75. ⟨10.1016/j.precamres.2015.09.027⟩. ⟨insu-01252420⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

467