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Rhizosphere effects of Populus euramericana Dorskamp on the mobility of Zn, Pb and Cd in contaminated technosols

Abstract : Purpose This study aimed at investigating the rhizosphere effects of Populus euramericana Dorskamp on the mobility of Zn, Pb and Cd in contaminated technosols from a former smelting site. Materials and methods A rhizobox experiment was conducted with poplars, where the plant stem cuttings were grown in contaminated technosols for 2 months under glasshouse conditions. After plant growth, rhizosphere and bulk soil porewater (SPW) were sampled together. SPW properties such as pH, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and total dissolved concentrations of Zn, Pb and Cd were determined. The concentrations of Zn, Pb and Cd in plant organs were also determined. Results and discussion Rhizosphere SPWpH increased for all studied soils by 0.3 to 0.6 units compared to bulk soils. A significant increase was also observed for DOC concentrationsregardless of the soil type or total metal concentrations, which might be attributed to the plant root activity. For all studied soils, the rhizosphere SPW metal concentrations decreased significantly after plant growth compared to bulk soils which might be attributed to the increase in pH and effects ofroot exudates. Zn, Pb and Cd accumulated in plant organs and the higher metal concentrations were found in plant roots compared to plant shoots.Conclusions The restricted transfer of the studied metals to the plant shoots confirms the potential role of this species in the immobilization of these metals. Thus, P. euramericana Dorskamp can be used for phytostabilization of technosols.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 15, 2016 - 2:52:43 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 19, 2020 - 4:55:02 AM
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Bashar Qasim, Mikael Motelica-Heino, Sylvain Bourgerie, Arnaud Gauthier, Domenico Morabito. Rhizosphere effects of Populus euramericana Dorskamp on the mobility of Zn, Pb and Cd in contaminated technosols. Journal of Soils and Sediments, Springer Verlag, 2016, 16 (3), pp.811-820. ⟨10.1007/s11368-015-1270-8⟩. ⟨insu-01251135⟩

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