Two radars for the AIM mission to characterize the regolith and deep interior structure of the asteroid

Abstract : Very little is known till now about the interior of asteroids. The information available has been so far mainly obtained through remote observations of the surface and inferred from theoretical modeling. Observations of asteroids deep interior and regolith structure are needed to better understand the asteroid accretion and dynamical evolution, and to provide answers that will directly improve our ability to understand and model the mechanisms driving Near Earth Asteroids (NEA) deflection and other risk mitigation techniques. Radar operating from a spacecraft is the only technique capable of characterizing the internal structure and heterogeneity from submetric to global scale for the benefit of science as well as for planetary defence or exploration. Access to the deep interior structure requires a low-frequency radar (LFR) that is able to penetrate and propagate throughout the complete body. The LFR will be a bi-static radar similar to the CONSERT radar designed for the Rosetta mission and will perform a tomography of the asteroid. On the other hand, the characterization of the first tens of meters of the subsurface with a submetric resolution will be achieved by a monostatic radar operating at higher frequencies (HFR). It will allow the identification of the layering and the reconnection of the surface features to the internal structure. Its design will be based on the design of the WISDOM radar developped for the ExoMars mission. This presentation reviews, in the context of the AIDA/AIM mission, the benefits of radar measurements performed from a spacecraft. The concept of both HFR and LFR are presented as well as the expected performances of the instruments.
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01246001
Contributor : Catherine Cardon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2015 - 9:32:14 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 7, 2019 - 10:54:12 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : insu-01246001, version 1

Citation

Valérie Ciarletti, Alain Hérique, Dirk Plettermeier. Two radars for the AIM mission to characterize the regolith and deep interior structure of the asteroid. AGU Fall Meeting 2015, Dec 2015, San Francisco, United States. pp.NH11A-1893, 2015. ⟨insu-01246001⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

177