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Dinoflagellate cyst population evolution throughout past interglacials: Key features along the Iberian margin and insights from the new IODP Site U1385 (Exp 339)

Abstract : IODP 339 Site U1385 ("Shackleton site", e.g. Hodell et al., 2013a), from the SW Iberian margin, offers the opportunity to study marine microfossil population dynamics by comparing several past interglacials and to test natural shifts of species that occurred across these warm periods, in a subtropical context. Here, more specifically, we present results obtained for the dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) population integrated at a regional scale thanks to the addition of data from proximal sites from southern Iberian margin. When possible, observations made using the dinocyst bio-indicator are compared to additional proxies from the same records in order to test the synchronicity of the marine biota response. Pollen data available for some of the compiled marine sequences also offer the opportunity to directly compare marine biota with terrestrial ecosystem responses. This spatio-temporal compilation reveals that, over the last 800 ka, surface waters around Iberia were tightly coupled to (rapid) climate changes and were characterised by coherent dinocyst assemblage patterns, highlighting a permanent connection between Atlantic and Mediterranean waters as evidenced through a continuous exchange of dinocyst populations. Some index species well illustrate the evolution of the regional hydrographic context along time, as for instance Spiniferites and Impagidinium species, together with Lingulodinium machaerophorum, Bitectatodinium tepikiense and heterotrophic brown cysts. They constitute key bio-indicators in context of natural environmental shifts at long and short timescales.
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Frédérique Eynaud, Laurent Londeix, Aurélie Pénaud, Maria-Fernanda Sanchez-Goni, Dulce Oliveira, et al.. Dinoflagellate cyst population evolution throughout past interglacials: Key features along the Iberian margin and insights from the new IODP Site U1385 (Exp 339). Global and Planetary Change, Elsevier, 2015, in press. ⟨10.1016/j.gloplacha.2015.12.004⟩. ⟨insu-01244297⟩

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