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New hemispheric geomagnetic indices α with 15 min time resolution

Abstract : New subauroral α15 indices are proposed. They are based on a simple reproducible algorithm which relies on an as dense as possible network of magnetic observatories in each hemisphere. At first, the variation with time of local geomagnetic activity is determined at each magnetic station. Gathering all obtained stations' precomputed values, a normalization with corrected geomagnetic latitude is determined. Then, for each 15 min interval, magnetic activity on the horizontal component is averaged out over 15 min and corrected using this normalization, before a spline modeling of the longitudinal variation in each hemisphere is applied. Hemispheric and planetary 15 min indices are then computed by arithmetic means. Preliminary statistical results, from probability distribution function over a solar cycle and superposed epoch analysis during storms conditions, show, by comparison with am geomagnetic index series, that new α15 indices are reliable in describing subauroral magnetic activity. These new indices will suit any future user, allowing either to choose the spatial description (planetary versus hemispheric) and/or to choose the temporal resolution, knowing unambiguously all their strengths and caveats.
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Aude Chambodut, Aurélie Marchaudon, Chantal Lathuillère, Michel Menvielle, Etienne Foucault. New hemispheric geomagnetic indices α with 15 min time resolution. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2015, 120 (11), pp.9943-9958. ⟨10.1002/2015JA021479⟩. ⟨insu-01239888⟩

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