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Daily global mapping of Mars ozone column abundances with MARCI UV band imaging

Abstract : Since November of 2006, The Mars Color Imager (MARCI) onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) has obtained multiple-filter daily global images of Mars centered upon a local time (LT) of 3pm. Ultraviolet imaging bands placed within (260 nm) and longward (320 nm) of Hartley band (240-300 nm) ozone (O3) absorption support retrievals of atmospheric ozone columns, with detection limits (∼ 1 μm-atm) appropriate to mapping elevated O3 abundances at low latitudes around Mars aphelion, and over mid-to-high latitudes during fall/winter/spring seasons. MARCI O3 maps for these regions reveal the detailed spatial (∼1° lat/long, for 8x8 pixel binned resolution) and temporal (daily, with substantial LT coverage at pole) behaviors of water vapor saturation conditions that force large variations in water vapor photolysis products (HOx- OH, HO2, and H) responsible for the catalytic destruction of O3 in the Mars atmosphere. A detailed description of the MARCI O3 data set, including measurement and retrieval characteristics, is provided in conjunction with comparisons to Mars Express SPICAM ozone measurements ( Perrier et al., 2006) and LMD GCM simulated O3 abundances ( Lefèvre et al., 2004). Presented aspects of the MARCI ozone mapping data set include aphelion increases in low latitude O3, dynamically evolving high latitude O3 maxima associated with planetary waves and weather fronts during northern early spring, and distinctive winter/spring O3 and CO increases within the Hellas basin associated with transport of condensation-enhanced south polar air mass. Comparisons of coincident MARCI measurements and LMD simulations for ice cloud and O3 columns are considered in the context of potential heterogeneous photochemical processes ( Lefèvre et al., 2008), which are not strongly evidenced in the MARCI observations. Modest interannual variations are exhibited, most notably a 20% reduction in aphelion low latitude O3 columns following the 2007 perihelic global dust storm.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 4, 2015 - 10:42:24 PM
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R. Todd Clancy, Michael J. Wolff, Franck Lefèvre, Bruce A. Cantor, Michael C. Malin, et al.. Daily global mapping of Mars ozone column abundances with MARCI UV band imaging. Icarus, Elsevier, 2016, 266, pp.112-133. ⟨10.1016/j.icarus.2015.11.016⟩. ⟨insu-01238451⟩



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