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Kinematics of Cretaceous subduction and exhumation in the western Rhodope (Chalkidiki block)

Abstract : In the Chalkidiki Peninsula of northern Greece a thrust complex made of a basement (Vertiskos Unit), a cover (Circum–Rhodope belt) and arc/back-arc units (Chortiatis Magmatic Suite and eastern Vardar Ophiolites) is exposed in the Chalkidiki Peninsula of northern Greece. The complex forms the western part of the Rhodope Metamorphic Province and lies on the hanging-wall of the Kerdylion Detachment, the structure responsible for the exhumation of the Southern Rhodope Core Complex and the most prominent and visible ductile structure related to the Tertiary Aegean extension. The Chalkidiki thrust complex arguably preserves a complete record of Cretaceous deformation and related fabrics. In this contribution we describe the geometry of foliation, stretching lineation and shear sense(s) on a regional scale. The regional foliation strikes NW–SE and displays different patterns in the three studied units: (i) dominantly dipping at low angle in the Vertiskos Unit, (ii) affected by upright folding in the Circum–Rhodope belt and (iii) systematically steeply dipping to the NE in the Chortiatis Magmatic Suite. Stretching lineation trend dominantly SW–NE in the three mentioned units. On the basis of new mapping, neglecting local perturbations and deformation related to Tertiary extension, we infer the regional kinematics of Cretaceous syn-metamorphic thrusting and subsequent exhumation of the metamorphic units. Thrusting took place toward the SW (in present-day coordination) and the related fabrics are recorded throughout the metamorphic pile. On the contrary, exhumation-related fabrics are related to shear toward the NE and are preferentially recorded in the uppermost part of the metamorphic pile suggesting that extension was more localised and of less finite intensity compared to thrusting.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01231485
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 20, 2015 - 1:08:06 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 11:50:09 AM

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Konstantinos Kydonakis, Jean-Pierre Brun, Dimitrios Sokoutis, Frédéric Gueydan. Kinematics of Cretaceous subduction and exhumation in the western Rhodope (Chalkidiki block). Tectonophysics, Elsevier, 2015, 665, pp.218-235. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2015.09.034⟩. ⟨insu-01231485⟩

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