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355-nm high spectral resolution airborne lidar LNG: system description and first results

Abstract : A high spectral resolution (HSR) measurement capability in the ultraviolet has been added to the 3-wavelength-2-polarization-backscatter lidar LNG (lidar aerosols nouvelle génération) and tested during several flights. The system includes a Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) as a spectral discriminator and does not require any frequency locking between the emitter and the interferometer. Results obtained during test flights show that the backscatter and extinction coefficients at 355 nm can be measured with a relative precision of 10% for 60 m and 240 m vertical resolution, respectively, in aerosol layers of 10−6m−1 sr−1 backscatter coefficient with a 30-km horizontal resolution. The same relative precision is obtained in cirrus clouds of a 2×10−5m−1sr−1 backscatter coefficient for the same vertical resolution and a horizontal resolution reduced to 5 km. The capacity of the system to perform wind velocity measurements is also demonstrated with precisions in the range of 1 to 2  ms−1. Particle-to-total backscatter ratio and line-of-sight speed measurements have been performed on ground echoes; averaged data show biases less than 1% and 0.15  ms−1, respectively.
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 15, 2015 - 5:49:50 PM
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Didier Bruneau, Jacques Pelon, Frédéric Blouzon, Joseph Spatazza, Pascal Genau, et al.. 355-nm high spectral resolution airborne lidar LNG: system description and first results. Applied optics, Optical Society of America, 2015, 54 (29), pp.8776-8785. ⟨10.1364/AO.54.008776⟩. ⟨insu-01228951⟩



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