J. L. Anderson, An ensemble adjustment Kalman filter for data assimilation, Mon. Weather Rev, vol.129, pp.2884-2903, 2001.

J. L. Anderson, A local least squares framework for ensemble filtering, Mon. Weather Rev, vol.131, pp.634-642, 2003.

J. L. Anderson, Spatially and temporally varying adaptive covariance inflation for ensemble filters, Tellus, vol.61, pp.72-83, 2009.

J. L. Anderson, T. Hoar, K. Raeder, H. Liu, N. Collins et al., The data assimilation testbed: A community facility, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc, vol.90, pp.1283-1296, 2009.

A. F. Arellano, K. Jr, J. L. Raeder, P. G. Anderson, L. K. Hess et al., Evaluating model performance of an ensemble based chemical data assimilation system during INTEX-B field mission, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.7, pp.5695-5710, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00302949

J. Barré, Combined data assimilation of ozone tropospheric columns and stratospheric profiles in a high-resolution CTM, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc, vol.140, pp.966-981, 2014.

J. Barré, D. Edwards, H. Worden, A. D. Silva, and W. Lahoz, On the feasibility of monitoring carbon monoxide in the lower troposphere from a constellation of Northern Hemisphere geostationary satellites, Atmos. Environ, vol.113, pp.63-77, 2015.

R. Beer, TES on the Aura mission: Scientific objectives, measurements, and analysis overview, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, vol.44, pp.1102-1105, 2006.

R. Beer, T. A. Glavich, and D. M. Rider, Tropospheric emission spectrometer for the Earth observing system aura satellite, Appl. Opt, vol.40, pp.2356-2367, 2001.

K. W. Bowman, Tropospheric emission spectrometer: Retrieval method and error analysis, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, vol.44, pp.1297-1306, 2006.

A. Boynard, First simultaneous space measurements of atmospheric pollutants in the boundary layer from IASI: A case study in the North China Plain, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.41, pp.645-651, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01121477

M. Buehner, Ensemble-derived stationary and flow-dependent background-error covariances: Evaluation in a quasi-operational NWP setting, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc, vol.131, pp.1013-1043, 2005.

G. Candille, C. Côte, P. L. Houtekamer, and G. Pellerin, Verification of an ensemble prediction system against observations, Mon. Weather Rev, vol.135, pp.2688-2699, 2007.

M. Claeyman, A linear CO chemistry parameterization in a chemistry-transport model: Evaluation and application to data assimilation, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, issue.13, pp.6097-6115, 2010.

C. Clerbaux, CO measurements from the ACE-FTS satellite instrument: Data analysis and validation using ground-based, airborne and spaceborne observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.8, pp.2569-2594, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00328587

C. Clerbaux, Monitoring of atmospheric composition using the thermal infrared IASI/MetOp sounder, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.9, pp.6041-6054, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00439216

A. J. Conley, Description of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 5.0), NCAR technical note, 2012.

E. De-wachter, Retrieval of MetOp-A/IASI CO profiles and validation with MOZAIC data, Atmos. Meas. Tech, vol.5, pp.2843-2857, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00695436

M. N. Deeter, The MOPITT version 4 CO product: Algorithm enhancements, validation, and long-term stability, J. Geophys. Res, vol.115, p.7306, 2010.

M. N. Deeter, H. M. Worden, D. P. Edwards, J. C. Gille, D. Mao et al., MOPITT multispectral CO retrievals: Origins and effects of geophysical radiance errors, J. Geophys. Res, vol.116, p.15303, 2011.

M. N. Deeter, H. M. Worden, D. P. Edwards, J. C. Gille, and A. E. Andrews, Evaluation of MOPITT retrievals of lower-tropospheric carbon monoxide over the United States, J. Geophys. Res, vol.117, p.13306, 2012.

M. N. Deeter, S. Martínez-alonso, D. P. Edwards, L. K. Emmons, J. C. Gille et al., Validation of MOPITT Version 5 thermal-infrared, near-infrared, and multispectral carbon monoxide profile retrievals for, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, vol.118, pp.6710-6725, 2000.

M. N. Deeter, S. Martínez-alonso, D. P. Edwards, L. K. Emmons, J. C. Gille et al., The MOPITT Version 6 product: algorithm enhancements and validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech, vol.7, issue.11, pp.3623-3632, 2014.

G. Desroziers, L. Berre, B. Chapnik, and P. Poli, Diagnosis of observation, background and analysis-error statistics in observation space, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc, vol.131, pp.3385-3396, 2005.

J. R. Drummond, J. Zou, F. Nichitiu, J. Kar, R. Deschambaut et al., A review of 9-year performance and operation of the MOPITT instrument, J. Adv. Space Res, 2010.

L. El-amraoui, Midlatitude stratosphere-troposphere exchange as diagnosed by MLS O3 and MOPITT CO assimilated fields, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, pp.2175-2194, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/meteo-00461842

L. El-amraoui, J. Attié, P. Ricaud, W. A. Lahoz, A. Piacentini et al., Tropospheric CO vertical profiles deduced from total columns using data assimilation: Methodology and validation, Atmos. Meas. Tech, vol.7, pp.3035-3057, 2014.

L. K. Emmons, Description and evaluation of the Model for Ozone and Related chemical Tracers, version 4 (MOZART-4), Geosci. Model Dev, vol.3, pp.43-67, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00452711

L. K. Emmons, The POLARCAT Model Intercomparison Project (POLMIP): Overview and evaluation with observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.15, pp.6721-6744, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01088391

G. Evensen, Sequential data assimilation with a nonlinear quasigeostrophic model using Monte-Carlo methods to forecast error statistics, J. Geophys. Res, vol.99, pp.143-153, 1994.

G. Evensen, The ensemble Kalman filter: Theoretical formulation and practical implementation, Ocean Dyn, vol.53, pp.343-367, 2003.

A. Fortems-cheiney, F. Chevallier, I. Pison, P. Bousquet, C. Carouge et al., On the capability of IASI measurements to inform about CO surface emissions, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.9, pp.8735-8743, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00432809

G. Gaspari and S. E. Cohn, Construction of correlation functions in two and three dimensions, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc, vol.125, pp.723-757, 1999.

B. Gaubert, A. Coman, G. Foret, F. Meleux, A. Ung et al., Regional scale ozone data assimilation using an ensemble Kalman filter and the CHIMERE chemical transport model, Geosci. Model Dev, vol.7, pp.283-302, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ineris-01710122

M. George, An examination of the long-term CO records from MOPITT and IASI: Comparison of retrieval methodology, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss, vol.8, pp.4095-4135, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01145299

R. J. Griffin, J. Chen, K. Carmody, and S. Vutukuru, Contribution of gas phase oxidation of volatile organic compounds to atmospheric carbon monoxide levels in two areas of the united States, J. Geophys. Res, vol.11, pp.10-17, 2007.

A. B. Guenther, X. Jiang, C. L. Heald, T. Sakulyanontvittaya, T. Duhl et al., The model of emissions of gases and aerosols from nature version 2.1 (MEGAN2.1): An extended and updated framework for modeling biogenic emissions, Geosci. Model Dev, vol.5, pp.1471-1492, 2012.

D. Hurtmans, C. P.-f.-coheur, L. Wespes, O. Clarisse, C. Scharf et al., FORLI radiative transfer and retrieval code for IASI, J. Quant. Spectros. Radiat. Transfer, vol.113, pp.1391-1408, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00699904

A. Inness, The MACC reanalysis: An 8 yr data set of atmospheric composition, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.13, issue.8, pp.4073-4109, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00769017

Z. Jiang, D. B. Jones, H. M. Worden, M. N. Deeter, D. K. Henze et al., Impact of model errors in convective transport on CO source estimates inferred from MOPITT CO retrievals, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, vol.118, pp.2073-2083, 2013.

M. Kanakidou and P. J. Crutzen, The photochemical source of carbon monoxide: Importance, uncertainties, and feedbacks, Chemosphere Global Change Sci, vol.1, pp.91-109, 1999.

T. Kerzenmacher, Validation of IASI FORLI carbon monoxide retrievals using FTIR data from NDACC, Atmos. Meas. Tech, vol.5, pp.2751-2761, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00706233

A. Klonecki, Assimilation of IASI satellite CO fields into a global chemistry transport model for validation against aircraft measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.12, pp.4493-4512, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00647994

J. Lamarque, Application of a bias estimator for the improved assimilation of Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) carbon monoxide retrievals, J. Geophys. Res, vol.109, p.16304, 2004.

J. Lamarque, Historical (1850-2000) gridded anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of reactive gases and aerosols: Methodology and application, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, pp.7017-7039, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00458149

J. Lamarque, CAM-chem: Description and evaluation of interactive atmospheric chemistry in the community Earth system model, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.5, pp.369-411, 2012.

M. Luo, Carbon monoxide measurements by TES and MOPITT -The influence of a priori data and instrument characteristics on nadir atmospheric species retrievals, J. Geophys. Res, vol.112, p.9303, 2007.

M. Luo, TES carbon monoxide validation with DACOM aircraft measurements during INTEX-B, J. Geophys. Res, vol.112, pp.24-48, 2006.

K. Miyazaki, H. J. Eskes, K. Sudo, M. Takigawa, M. Van-weele et al., Simultaneous assimilation of satellite NO 2 , O 3 , CO, and HNO 3 data for the analysis of tropospheric chemical composition and emissions, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.12, pp.9545-9579, 2012.

S. A. Monks, Multi-model study of chemical and physical controls on transport of anthropogenic and biomass burning pollution to the Arctic, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.15, pp.3575-3603, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01070702

G. Myhre, D. Shindell, F. Bréon, W. Collins, J. Fuglestvedt et al., Anthropogenic and natural radiative forcing, in Climate change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, pp.658-740, 2013.

D. F. Parrish and J. C. Derber, The national meteorological center's spectral statistical-interpolation analysis system, Mon. Weather Rev, vol.120, pp.1747-1763, 1992.

G. G. Pfister, J. Avise, C. Wiedinmyer, D. P. Edwards, L. K. Emmons et al., CO source contribution analysis for California during ARCTAS-CARB, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.11, pp.7515-7532, 2011.

K. Raeder, J. L. Anderson, N. Collins, T. J. Hoar, J. E. Kay et al., DART/CAM: An ensemble data assimilation system for CESM atmospheric models, J. Clim, vol.25, pp.6304-6317, 2012.

C. P. Rinsland, Nadir measurements of carbon monoxide distributions by the Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer instrument onboard the Aura spacecraft: Overview of analysis approach and examples of initial results, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.33, p.22806, 2006.

C. D. Rodgers, Inverse Methods for Atmospheric Sounding -Theory and Practise, Series on Atmos, vol.2, 2000.

D. T. Shindell, Multimodel simulations of carbon monoxide: Comparison with observations and projected near-future changes, J. Geophys. Res, vol.111, p.19306, 2006.

O. Stein, M. G. Schultz, I. Bouarar, H. Clark, V. Huijnen et al., On the wintertime low bias of Northern Hemisphere carbon monoxide found in global model simulations, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.14, pp.9295-9316, 2014.

S. Tilmes, Description and evaluation of tropospheric chemistry and aerosols in the Community Earth System Model (CESM1.2), Geosci. Model Dev, vol.8, pp.1395-1426, 2015.

S. Turquety, D. Hurtmans, J. Hadji-lazaro, P. Coheur, C. Clerbaux et al., Tracking the emission and transport of pollution from wildfires using the IASI CO retrievals: analysis of the summer 2007 Greek fires, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.9, pp.4897-4913, 2009.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00407689

T. Von-clarmann and U. Grabowski, Elimination of hidden a priori information from remotely sensed profile data, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.7, pp.397-408, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00301994

C. Wiedinmyer, S. K. Akagi, R. J. Yokelson, L. K. Emmons, J. A. Al-saadi et al., The Fire INventory from NCAR (FINN): A high resolution global model to estimate the emissions from open burning, Geosci. Model Dev, vol.4, pp.625-641, 2011.

H. M. Worden, M. N. Deeter, D. P. Edwards, J. C. Gille, J. R. Drummond et al., Observations of near-surface carbon monoxide from space using MOPITT multispectral retrievals, J. Geophys. Res, vol.115, p.18314, 2010.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00563703

H. M. Worden, Decadal record of satellite carbon monoxide observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00737454

V. A. Yudin, G. Pétron, J. Lamarque, B. V. Khattatov, P. G. Hess et al., Assimilation of the 2000-2001 CO MOPITT retrievals with optimized surface emissions, Geophys. Res. Lett, vol.31, p.20105, 2004.

L. Zhang, D. J. Jacob, X. Liu, J. A. Logan, K. Chance et al., Intercomparison methods for satellite measurements of atmospheric composition: Application to tropospheric ozone from TES and OMI, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, pp.4725-4739, 2010.