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Rotating dust particles in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko

M. Fulle 1 S. L. Ivanovski 2 I. Bertini 3 P. Gutierrez 4 L. Lara 4 H. Sierks 5 V. Zakharov 6 V. Della Corte 2 A. Rotundi 7, 2 C. Barbieri 8 P. L. Lamy 9 R. Rodrigo 10, 11 D. Koschny 12 H. Rickman 13, 14 H. U. Keller 15 J. Agarwal 5 Michael F. A'Hearn 16 M.A. Barucci 6 Jean-Loup Bertaux 17 Dennis Bodewits 16 G. Cremonese 18 V. da Deppo 19 B. Davidsson 14 S. Debei 20 M. de Cecco 21 S. Fornasier 6 O. Groussin 9 C. Güttler 5 S. F. Hviid 22 W. Ip 23 L. Jorda 9 J. Knollenberg 22 R. Kramm 5 Ekkehard Kührt 22 M. Küppers 24 M. Lazzarin 8 J. J. Lopez-Moreno 4 F. Marzari 8 H. Michalik 25 G. Naletto 3, 20, 19 N. Oklay 5 L. Sabau 26 Nicolas Thomas 27 C. Tubiana 5 J.-B. Vincent 5 K.-P. Wenzel 12
Abstract : During September and October 2014, the OSIRIS cameras onboard the ESA Rosetta mission detected millions of single particles. Many of these dust particles appear as long tracks (due to both the dust proper motion and the spacecraft motion during the exposure time) with a clear brightness periodicity. Aims. We interpret the observed periodic features as a rotational and translational motion of aspherical dust grains. Methods. By counting the peaks of each track, we obtained statistics of a rotation frequency. We compared these results with the rotational frequency predicted by a model of aspherical dust grain dynamics in a model gas flow. By testing many possible sets of physical conditions and grain characteristics, we constrained the rotational properties of dust grains. Results. We analyzed on the motion of rotating aspherical dust grains with different cross sections in flow conditions corresponding to the coma of 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko qualitatively and quantitatively. Based on the OSIRIS observations, we constrain the possible physical parameters of the grains.
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M. Fulle, S. L. Ivanovski, I. Bertini, P. Gutierrez, L. Lara, et al.. Rotating dust particles in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2015, 583, A14 (8 p.). ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201526158⟩. ⟨insu-01202381⟩

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