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Deep crustal structure of the North-West African margin from combined wide-angle and reflection seismic data (MIRROR seismic survey)

Abstract : The structure of the Moroccan and Nova Scotia conjugate rifted margins is of key importance for understanding the Mesozoic break-up and evolution of the northern central Atlantic Ocean basin. Seven combined multichannel reflection (MCS) and wide-angle seismic (OBS) data profiles were acquired along the Atlantic Moroccan margin between the latitudes of 31.5° and 33° N during the MIRROR seismic survey in 2011, in order to image the transition from continental to oceanic crust, to study the variation in crustal structure, and to characterize the crust under the West African Coast Magnetic Anomaly (WACMA). The data were modeled using a forward modeling approach. The final models image crustal thinning from 36 km thickness below the continent to approximately 8 km in the oceanic domain. A 100 km wide zone characterized by rough basement topography and high seismic velocities up to 7.4 km/s in the lower crust is observed westward of the West African Coast Magnetic Anomaly. No basin underlain by continental crust has been imaged in this region, as has been identified north of our study area. Comparison to the conjugate Nova Scotian margin shows a similar continental crustal thickness and layer geometry, and the existence of exhumed and serpentinized upper mantle material on the Canadian side only. The oceanic crustal thickness is lower on the Canadian margin.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01186479
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2015 - 9:51:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:16:58 PM

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Y. Biari, F. Klingelhoefer, M. Sahabi, D. Aslanian, P. Schnurle, et al.. Deep crustal structure of the North-West African margin from combined wide-angle and reflection seismic data (MIRROR seismic survey). Tectonophysics, Elsevier, 2015, 656, pp.154-174. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2015.06.019⟩. ⟨insu-01186479⟩

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