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Groundwater control of biogeochemical processes causing phosphorus release from riparian wetlands

Abstract : Because of the high sorption affinity of phosphorus (P) for the soil solid phase, mitigation options to reduce diffuse P transfer usually focus on trapping particulate P delivered via surface flow paths. Therefore, placing riparian buffers between croplands and watercourses has been promoted worldwide, sometimes in wetland areas. To investigate the risk of P-accumulating riparian wetlands (RWs) releasing dissolved P into streams, we monitored molybdate-reactive P (MRP) in the soil pore water of two RWs in an agricultural watershed. Two main mechanisms released MRP under the control of groundwater dynamics. First, soil rewetting after the dry summer period was associated with the presence of a pool of mobile P, limited in size. Its mobilization started under water saturated conditions caused by a rise in groundwater. Second, anoxic conditions at the end of winter caused reductive dissolution of Fe (hydr)oxides along with a release of MRP. Comparison of sites revealed that the first MRP release occurred only in RWs with P-enriched soils, whereas the second was observed even in RWs with low soil P status. Seasonal variations in stream MRP concentrations were similar to concentrations in RW soils. Hence, RWs can act as a key component of the P transfer continuum in agricultural landscapes by converting particulate P from croplands into MRP transferred to streams.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 17, 2015 - 1:45:29 PM
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Rémi Dupas, Gérard Gruau, Sen Gu, Guillaume Humbert, Anne Jaffrézic, et al.. Groundwater control of biogeochemical processes causing phosphorus release from riparian wetlands. Water Research, IWA Publishing, 2015, 84, pp.307-314. ⟨10.1016/j.watres.2015.07.048⟩. ⟨insu-01184669⟩



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