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Properties of the 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko interior revealed by CONSERT radar

Wlodek Kofman 1 Alain Herique 1 yves Barbin 2 Jean-Pierre Barriot 3 Valérie Ciarletti 4 Stephen Clifford 5 Peter Edenhofer 6 Charles Elachi 7 Christelle Eyraud 8 Jean-Pierre Goutail 9 Essam Heggy 10, 7, 11 Laurent Jorda 12 Jérémie Lasue 13 Anny Chantal Levasseur-Regourd 4 Erling Nielsen 14 Pierre Pasquero 1 Frank Preusker 15 Pascal Puget 1 Dirk Plettemeier 16 yves Rogez 1 Holger Sierks 14 Christoph Statz 16 Hakan Svedhem 17 Iwan Williams 18 Sonia Zine 1 Jakob van Zyl 7 
Abstract : The Philae lander provides a unique opportunity to investigate the internal structure of a comet nucleus, providing information about its formation and evolution in the early solar system. We present Comet Nucleus Sounding Experiment by Radiowave Transmission (CONSERT) measurements of the interior of Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. From the propagation time and form of the signals, the upper part of the “head” of 67P is fairly homogeneous on a spatial scale of tens of meters. CONSERT also reduced the size of the uncertainty of Philae’s final landing site down to approximately 21 by 34 square meters. The average permittivity is about 1.27, suggesting that this region has a volumetric dust/ice ratio of 0.4 to 2.6 and a porosity of 75 to 85%. The dust component may be comparable to that of carbonaceous chondrites.
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Wlodek Kofman, Alain Herique, yves Barbin, Jean-Pierre Barriot, Valérie Ciarletti, et al.. Properties of the 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko interior revealed by CONSERT radar. Science, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2015, 349 (6247), pp.aab0639. ⟨10.1126/science.aab0639⟩. ⟨insu-01182590⟩

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