Increase of the electric field in head-on collisions between negative and positive streamers

Abstract : Head-on collisions between negative and positive streamer discharges have recently been suggested to be responsible for the production of high electric fields leading to X-rays emissions. Using a plasma fluid approach, we model head-on collisions between negative and positive streamers. We observe the occurrence of a very strong electric field at the location of the streamer collision. However, the enhancement of the field produces a strong increase in the electron density, which leads to a collapse of the field over only a few picoseconds. Using a Monte Carlo model, we have verified that this process is therefore not responsible for the acceleration of a significant number of electrons to energy >1 keV. We conclude that no significant X-ray emission could be produced by the head-on encounter of nonthermal streamer discharges. Moreover, we quantify the optical emissions produced in the streamer collision.
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Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2015, 42, pp.5644-5651. 〈10.1002/2015GL064623〉
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Mohand Ihaddadene, Sébastien Celestin. Increase of the electric field in head-on collisions between negative and positive streamers. Geophysical Research Letters, American Geophysical Union, 2015, 42, pp.5644-5651. 〈10.1002/2015GL064623〉. 〈insu-01181737〉

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