Acceleration of radiation belts electrons by oblique chorus waves

Abstract : [1] The redistribution of energy during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms related to the acceleration of electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt by cyclotron-resonant chorus waves is an important and challenging topic of magnetospheric plasma physics. An approximate analytical formulation of energy diffusion coefficients is derived in this paper, on the basis of a quasi-linear formalism valid for large enough bandwidths or for successive random scatter by uncorrelated waves of different frequencies and moderate average amplitudes. We make use of chorus wave parameterizations derived from CLUSTER measurements to show that oblique whistler waves can significantly increase the energy diffusion rate of small pitch angle electrons on the dayside. On the other hand, the energization rate of the more numerous high pitch angle electrons is typically reduced by a factor of 2 on the dayside, while it remains nearly unchanged on the nightside where high-intensity waves are less oblique. Besides, lifetimes are strongly reduced on the dayside, which could also impact the long-term time-integrated acceleration rates of injected electrons. Comparison between the analytical formulas and full numerical results demonstrates a good agreement and provides new scaling laws as a function of whistler mean frequency, plasma density and particle energy. It is also suggested that the enhancement of energy diffusion of low energy electrons (<100 keV) at small pitch angles with oblique waves could result in an intensification of wave growth at latitudes higher than 15. This might contribute to explain high chorus intensities measured by CLUSTER on the dayside at high latitudes. Citation: Mourenas, D., A. Artemyev, O. Agapitov, and V. Krasnoselskikh (2012), Acceleration of radiation belts electrons by oblique chorus waves,
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D Mourenas, A Artemyev, O Agapitov, V Krasnoselskikh. Acceleration of radiation belts electrons by oblique chorus waves. Journal of Geophysical Research Space Physics, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2012, 117, A10212 (14 p.). ⟨10.1029/2012JA018041⟩. ⟨insu-01179807⟩

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