C. Alard and R. H. Lupton, A Method for Optimal Image Subtraction, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.503, issue.1, pp.325-331, 1998.
DOI : 10.1086/305984

G. M. Amdahl, Validity of the single processor approach to achieving large scale computing capabilities AFIPS '67 (Spring), Proceedings of the, pp.483-485, 1967.

G. E. Anderson, Probing the bright radio flare and afterglow of GRB 130427A with the Arcminute Microkelvin Imager, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.440, issue.3, pp.2059-2065, 2014.
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/stu478

. Astropy-collaboration, Astropy: A community Python package for astronomy, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.558, p.33, 2013.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361/201322068

W. B. Atwood, MISSION, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.697, issue.2, pp.1071-01102, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/697/2/1071

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/in2p3-00378934

K. W. Bannister, A 22-yr southern sky survey for transient and variable radio sources using the Molonglo Observatory Synthesis Telescope, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.412, issue.1, pp.634-664, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17938.x

J. Banyer and T. Murphy, the VAST Collaboration VAST ? a real-time pipeline for detecting radio transients and variables on the Australian SKA Pathfinder (ASKAP) telescope, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XXI, 2012.

R. H. Becker, R. L. White, and D. J. Helfand, The VLA's FIRST Survey, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems III of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p.165, 1994.

M. E. Bell, An automated archival Very Large Array transients survey, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.415, issue.1, pp.2-10, 2011.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.18631.x

M. E. Bell, A survey for transients and variables with the Murchison Widefield Array 32-tile prototype at 154 MHz, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.438, issue.1, pp.352-367, 2014.
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/stt2200

Y. Benjamini and Y. Hochberg, Controlling the false discovery rate: a practical and powerful approach to multiple testing, J. Roy. Statist. Soc. Ser. B, vol.57, pp.289-300, 1995.

E. Bertin and S. Arnouts, SExtractor: Software for source extraction, Astronomy and Astrophysics Supplement Series, vol.117, issue.2, pp.393-404, 1996.
DOI : 10.1051/aas:1996164

B. W. Bolch, More on unbiased estimation of the standard deviation. The American Statistician 22, p.27, 1968.

R. S. Booth and J. L. Jonas, An Overview of the MeerKAT Project, African Skies, vol.16, issue.101, 2012.

DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/739/2/76

T. M. Brown, Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.125, issue.931, pp.1031-1055, 2013.
DOI : 10.1086/673168

D. Carbone, New methods to constrain the radio transient rate: results from a survey of four fields with LOFAR, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.459, issue.3
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/stw539

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01338196

E. F. Codd, A relational model of data for large shared data banks, Communications of the ACM, vol.13, issue.6, pp.377-387, 1970.
DOI : 10.1145/362384.362685

T. Coenen, The LOFAR pilot surveys for pulsars and fast radio transients, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.570, p.60, 2014.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361/201424495

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01277801

A. S. Cohen, The VLA Low-Frequency Sky Survey, The Astronomical Journal, vol.134, issue.3, pp.1245-1262, 2007.
DOI : 10.1086/520719

J. J. Condon, Errors in Elliptical Gaussian FITS, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.109, pp.166-172, 1997.
DOI : 10.1086/133871

J. J. Condon, The NRAO VLA Sky Survey, The Astronomical Journal, vol.115, issue.5, pp.1693-1716, 1998.
DOI : 10.1086/300337

DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/731/1/34

A. G. De-bruyn and G. Bernardi, Lofar Eor-Team The First Deep WSRT 150 MHz Full Polarization Observations The Low-Frequency Radio Universe, 2009.

H. R. De-ruiter, A. G. Willis, and H. C. Arp, A Westerbork 1415 MHz survey of background radio sources. II -Optical identifications with deep IIIA-J plates, Astron. Astrophys, vol.28, pp.211-293, 1977.

L. Denneau, The Pan-STARRS Moving Object Processing System, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.125, issue.926, pp.357-395, 2013.
DOI : 10.1086/670337

W. A. Dent, Quasi-Stellar Sources: Variation in the Radio Emission of 3C 273, Science, vol.148, issue.3676, pp.1458-1460, 1965.
DOI : 10.1126/science.148.3676.1458

P. Dewdney, SKA Memo 130: SKA Phase 1: Preliminary System Description, 2010.

A. J. Drake, FIRST RESULTS FROM THE CATALINA REAL-TIME TRANSIENT SURVEY, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.696, issue.1, pp.870-884, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/696/1/870

R. Fender, The LOFAR Transients Key Project, Proceedings of the VI Microquasar Workshop: Microquasars and Beyond. PoS(MQW6)014, 2006.

R. P. Fender and M. E. Bell, Radio transients: an antediluvian review, Bulletin of the Astronomical Society of India, vol.39, pp.315-332, 2011.

R. Fisher, Dispersion on a Sphere, Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.217, issue.1130, pp.295-305, 1953.
DOI : 10.1098/rspa.1953.0064

G. J. Fishman, BATSE ? The burst and transient source experiment on the Gamma Ray Observatory, pp.265-272, 1992.

D. A. Frail, S. R. Kulkarni, and J. S. Bloom, An outburst of relativistic particles from the soft ?-ray repeater SGR1900+14, Nature, vol.398, issue.6723, pp.127-129, 1999.
DOI : 10.1038/18163

D. A. Frail, The radio afterglow from the ?-ray burst of 8, Nature, vol.389, issue.6648, pp.261-263, 1997.
DOI : 10.1038/38451

D. A. Frail, A REVISED VIEW OF THE TRANSIENT RADIO SKY, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.747, issue.1, p.70, 2012.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/747/1/70

J. E. Freund and F. J. Williams, Outline of Basic Statistics: Dictionary and Formulas, 2010.

B. M. Gaensler and R. W. Hunstead, Abstract, Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, vol.295, issue.01, pp.72-82, 2000.
DOI : 10.1086/192061

W. Gautschi, . Dover, and N. Gehrels, Error function and Fresnel integrals The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission, Astrophys. J, vol.611, pp.1005-1020, 1972.

M. Graham, Employing SimpleTimeSeries for representing time series, version 1.0. Note, International Virtual Observatory Alliance, 2014.

J. Gray, M. A. Nieto-santisteban, and A. S. Szalay, The Zones Algorithm for Finding Points-Near-a-Point or Cross-Matching Spatial Datasets, MSR TR, p.52, 2006.

P. C. Gregory, The Nature of the First Cygnus X-3 Radio Outburst, Nature Physical Science, vol.239, issue.95, pp.114-117, 1972.
DOI : 10.1038/physci239114a0

P. J. Hancock, Compact continuum source finding for next generation radio surveys, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.422, issue.2, pp.1812-1824, 2012.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.20768.x

B. A. Harmon, The Burst and Transient Source Experiment Earth Occultation Technique, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.138, issue.1, pp.149-183, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/324018

G. Heald, Progress with the LOFAR Imaging Pipeline, Proceedings of the ISKAF2010 Science Meeting. PoS(ISKAF2010)057, 2010.

G. Heald, LOFAR: Recent Imaging Results and Future Prospects, Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy, vol.55, issue.4, pp.589-598, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s12036-011-9125-1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00722162

G. Heald, The LOFAR Multifrequency Snapshot Sky Survey (MSSS), Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.582, 2014.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361/201425210

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01343089

W. A. Hendricks and K. W. Robey, The Sampling Distribution of the Coefficient of Variation, The Annals of Mathematical Statistics, vol.7, issue.3, pp.129-132, 1936.
DOI : 10.1214/aoms/1177732503

J. A. Högbom, Aperture Synthesis with a non-regular distribution of interferometer baselines, Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. Ser, vol.15, pp.417-426, 1974.

A. M. Hopkins, A New Source Detection Algorithm Using the False-Discovery Rate, The Astronomical Journal, vol.123, issue.2, pp.1086-1094, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/338316

A. M. Hopkins, The Phoenix Deep Survey, Astron. J, vol.125, pp.465-477, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-49460-7_23

J. D. Hunter, Matplotlib: A 2D Graphics Environment, Computing in Science & Engineering, vol.9, issue.3, pp.90-95, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/MCSE.2007.55

S. Idreos, MonetDB: Two Decades Of Research In Column-Oriented Database Architectures, IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin, vol.35, issue.1, pp.40-45, 2012.

?. Z. Ivezi´civezi´c, LSST: From science drivers to reference design and anticipated data products, version 3.1, 2014.

F. A. Jenet and J. Gil, Using the Intensity Modulation Index to Test Pulsar Radio Emission Models, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.596, issue.2, p.215, 2003.
DOI : 10.1086/379501

W. Kent and . Feb, A simple guide to five normal forms in relational database theory, Communications of the ACM, vol.26, issue.2, pp.120-125, 1983.
DOI : 10.1145/358024.358054

M. J. Kesteven, A. H. Bridle, and G. W. Brandie, Variability of extragalactic sources at 2.7 GHz. III - The nature of the variations in different source classes, The Astronomical Journal, vol.82, pp.541-556, 1977.
DOI : 10.1086/112086

S. Koposov and O. Bartunov, Q3C, Quad Tree Cube ? The new sky-indexing concept for huge astronomical catalogues and its realization for main astronomical queries (cone search and xmatch) in Open Source Database PostgreSQL, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XV of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p.735, 2006.

R. Lande, On Comparing Coefficients of Variation, Systematic Biology, vol.26, issue.2, pp.214-217, 1977.
DOI : 10.1093/sysbio/26.2.214

C. J. Law, MILLISECOND IMAGING OF RADIO TRANSIENTS WITH THE POCKET CORRELATOR, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.742, issue.1, p.12, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/742/1/12

N. M. Law, The Palomar Transient Factory: System Overview, Performance, and First Results, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.121, issue.886, pp.1395-1408, 2009.
DOI : 10.1086/648598

A. J. Levan, An Extremely Luminous Panchromatic Outburst from the Nucleus of a Distant Galaxy, Science, vol.333, issue.6039, pp.199-202, 2011.
DOI : 10.1126/science.1207143

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/cea-00864242

A. M. Levine, First Results from the All-Sky Monitor on the [ITAL]Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer[/ITAL], The Astrophysical Journal, vol.469, issue.1, p.33, 1996.
DOI : 10.1086/310260

G. M. Loose, LOFAR Self-Calibration Using a Blackboard Software Architecture, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XVII of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p.91, 2008.

Y. Lyubarsky, A model for fast extragalactic radio bursts, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters, vol.442, issue.1, pp.9-13, 2014.
DOI : 10.1093/mnrasl/slu046

J. Mcdowell, IVOA Spectral Data Model, Version 2.0. Proposed Recommendation, 2015.

A. T. Mckay, Distribution of the Coefficient of Variation and the Extended "t" Distribution, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, vol.95, issue.4, pp.695-698, 1932.
DOI : 10.2307/2342041

C. Meegan, GAMMA-RAY BURST MONITOR, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.702, issue.1, pp.791-804, 2009.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/702/1/791

DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/768/2/165

J. J. Moré, The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm: Implementation and theory, Numerical Analysis. Lecture Notes in Mathematics, vol.11, pp.105-116, 1977.
DOI : 10.1137/0111030

T. Murphy, Abstract, Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, vol.32, issue.6, 2013.
DOI : 10.1086/497537

R. Narayan, The Physics of Pulsar Scintillation, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.341, issue.1660, pp.151-165, 1992.
DOI : 10.1098/rsta.1992.0090

O. 'mullane and W. , Batch is back: CasJobs, serving multi-TB data on the Web, 2005.

F. Pérez and B. E. Granger, IPython: A System for Interactive Scientific Computing, Computing in Science & Engineering, vol.9, issue.3, pp.21-29, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/MCSE.2007.53

P. Prasad and S. J. Wijnholds, AARTFAAC: Towards a 24x7, All-sky Monitor for LOFAR, Proceedings of 'New Windows on Transients across the Universe': A discussion, 2012.

A. Rau, Exploring the Optical Transient Sky with the Palomar Transient Factory, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, vol.121, issue.886, pp.1334-1351, 2009.
DOI : 10.1086/605911

R. B. Rengelink, The Westerbork Northern Sky Survey (WENSS). I. A 570 square degree Mini-Survey around the North Ecliptic Pole, Astron. Astrophys, vol.124, pp.259-280, 1997.

B. J. Rickett, Radio Propagation Through the Turbulent Interstellar Plasma, Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol.28, issue.1, pp.561-605, 1990.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.aa.28.090190.003021

A. R. Rowlinson, Methodology for optimising the LOFAR Transients Pipeline

R. E. Rutledge, R. J. Brunner, T. A. Prince, and C. Lonsdale, /Bright Source Catalog X???Ray Sources with USNO A???2 Optical Point Sources, The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol.131, issue.1, pp.335-353, 2000.
DOI : 10.1086/317363

A. Sagiv and E. Waxman, Collective Processes in Relativistic Plasma and Their Implications for Gamma???Ray Burst Afterglows, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.574, issue.2, pp.861-872, 2002.
DOI : 10.1086/340948

L. H. Scheers, Transient and Variable Radio Sources in the LOFAR Sky, 2011.

R. Seaman, Sky event reporting metadata, version 2.0. Recommendation, International Virtual Observatory Alliance, 2011.

J. N. Spreeuw, Search and detection of low frequency radio transients, 2010.

T. D. Staley, Automated rapid follow-up of Swift gamma-ray burst alerts at 15 GHz with the AMI Large Array, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.428, issue.4, pp.3114-3120, 2013.
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/sts259

B. W. Stappers, Observing pulsars and fast transients with LOFAR, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.530, p.80, 2011.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361/201116681

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01310941

W. Sutherland and W. Saunders, On the likelihood ratio for source identification, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol.259, issue.3, p.4130, 1992.
DOI : 10.1093/mnras/259.3.413

J. Swinbank, The LOFAR Transients Pipeline, Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems XX of Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series, p.313, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ascom.2015.03.002

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01178502

J. D. Swinbank, Comet: A VOEvent broker, Astronomy and Computing, vol.7, issue.8, pp.12-26, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.ascom.2014.09.001

A. Szalay, Indexing the sphere with the Hierarchical Triangular Mesh, MSR TR 2005 123, 2006.

G. B. Taylor, FIRST LIGHT FOR THE FIRST STATION OF THE LONG WAVELENGTH ARRAY, Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation, vol.01, issue.01, p.50004, 2012.
DOI : 10.1142/S2251171712500043

N. Thyagarajan, VARIABLE AND TRANSIENT RADIO SOURCES IN THE FIRST SURVEY, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.742, issue.1, p.49, 2011.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/742/1/49

S. J. Tingay, Abstract, Publications of the Astronomical Society of Australia, vol.527, issue.7, 2013.
DOI : 10.1088/2041-8205/753/2/L36

V. V. Usov and J. I. Katz, Low frequency radio pulses from gamma-ray bursts?, Astron. Astrophys, vol.364, pp.655-659, 2000.

H. Van-der-laan, A Model for Variable Extragalactic Radio Sources, Nature, vol.211, 1131.

S. Van-der-tol, B. D. Jeffs, and A. Van-der-veen, Self-Calibration for the LOFAR Radio Astronomical Array, IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, vol.55, issue.9, pp.4497-4510, 2007.
DOI : 10.1109/TSP.2007.896243

M. P. Van-haarlem, LOFAR: The LOw-Frequency ARray, Astronomy & Astrophysics, vol.556, p.2, 2013.
DOI : 10.1051/0004-6361/201220873

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01288431

J. Welch, The Allen Telescope Array: The First Widefield, Panchromatic, Snapshot Radio Camera for Radio Astronomy and SETI, Proceedings of the IEEE, vol.97, issue.8, pp.1438-1447, 2009.
DOI : 10.1109/JPROC.2009.2017103

J. C. Whitaker, The Electronics Handbook, 1996.

P. K. Williams, ASGARD: A LARGE SURVEY FOR SLOW GALACTIC RADIO TRANSIENTS. I. OVERVIEW AND FIRST RESULTS, The Astrophysical Journal, vol.762, issue.2, p.85, 2013.
DOI : 10.1088/0004-637X/762/2/85

K. M. Wolter, An Investigation of Some Estimators of Variance for Systematic Sampling, Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol.75, issue.388, pp.781-790, 1984.
DOI : 10.2307/2279222